Filosofian klassikkokirjasto - The Library of Philosophy

Filosofian kirjasto

The Library of Philosophy

Librarium Philosophiae

Tämä on virtuaalinen filosofian kirjasto, josta löydät useita linkkejä sähköisessä muodossa olevin klassikkoteksteihin.

This is The Library of Philosophy. Here you find many links to philosophical texts in on-line form.

Hoc est Librarium Philosophiae. ad hoc multi libri a philosophia invinis.

Rauno Huttunen
University of Jyväskylä
Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy
e-mail: [email protected]

Theodor Adorno & Max Horkheimer

Culture industry from Dialectic of Enlightenment

Louis Althusser

Contradiction and Overdetermination

On Marxism

Book on Althusser: Robert Paul Resch, Althusser and the Renewal of Marxist Social Theory

Saint Thomas Aquinas

The Summa Theologica

Of God and His Creatures (Summa Contra Gentiles)

De ente et essentia


Muun muassa seuraavat Aristoteleen englannin kieliset käännökset löytyvät erittäin siistissä muodossa The Internet Classics Archive -sivulta.

Example these writings of Aristotle you find in beatiful condition in The Internet Classics Archive web-side.


Nicomachean Ethics





Book about Aristotle: Georgios Anagnostopoulos, Aristotle on the Goals and Exactness of Ethics

Saint Augustine

The City of God


Confessiones(linqua latina, editio minor)

De dialectica (latinaksi; linkit myös englannin kieliseen käännökseen - in latin and english)

On Christian Doctrine

Handbook on Faith, Hope, and Love

On Trinity

Marcus Aurelius

The Meditations

Francis Bacon

The Essays

New Antlantis

Roland Barthes

Elements of Semiology

Walter Benjamin

Eine kommunistische Pädagogik

Theses on the Philosophy of History

The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction

George Berkeley

A Treatise Concerning The Principle of Human Knowledge

A Defence of Free-Thinking in Mathematics

The Querist

Jeremy Bentham

An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation


Consolatio Philosophiae

The Consolation of Philosophy

The Trinity is one God, not Three Gods

Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de Condorcet

Esquisse d'un tableau historique des progrès de l'esprit humain

Benedetto Croce

Historical Materialism and the Economics of Karl Marx

The Dialectic or Synthesis of Opposites from "What is Living and What is Dead of the Philosophy of Hegel"

Jacques Derrida

Linguistics and Grammatology - from Of Grammatology

René Descartes

Discours de la méthode

Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason, and Seeking the Truth in the Sciences

Meditationes De Prima Philosophia (linqua Latina)

Les méditations


John Dewey

Democracy and Education

Logical Conditions of a Scientific Treatment of Morality

The School and Society

Denis Diderot

Lettre sur le commerce des livres

Pensées sur l'interprétation de la nature

Le Neveu de Rameau

Jacques le fataliste et son maître

Supplément au voyage de Bougainville

Wilhelm Dilthey

Die Jugendgeschichte Hegels - Erster Abschnitt

Pierre Duhem

La théorie physique, son objet, sa structure

Emile Durkheim

De la division du travail social (1 148 kb)

Friedrich Engels

Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy

Die Entwicklung des Sozialismus von der Utopie zur Wissenschaft

Kürzere Texte über Feuerbach aus den Jahren 1844 bis 1848

A review of Past and Present by Thomas Carlyle

Ludwig Feuerbach

The Principles of the Philosophy of the Future

Johann Fichte

Outlines of the Doctrine of Knowledge

Hans-Georg Gadamer

The Idea of Hegel's Logic

Antonio Gramsci

Pre-Prison Writings 1910-1926

Antonio Gramsci’s Prison Notebooks 1929-1935

Jürgen Habermas

On the Relation between the Nation, the Rule of Law, and Democracy; from The Inclusion of the Other

G.W.F. Hegel

System of Ethical Life

Phänomenologie des Geistes
The Phenomenology of Mind

Lectures on the History of Philosophy

Lectures on the Philosophy of History

Philosophy of Right

The Encyclopaedia Logic, Part I of the Encyclopaedia of Philosophical Sciences

The Philosophy of Nature, part II of the Encyclopaedia of Philosophical Sciences

The Philosophy of Spirit, part III of the Encyclopaedia of Philosophical Sciences
I Subjective Spirit, version 1830 (version 1817 here)
II The Objective Spirit, version 1821
III Absolute Spirit, version 1817

Lectures on Aesthetics

Martin Heidegger

Hegel & The Greeks

Existence and Being

Zur Sache des Denkens

Die Technik und die Kehre

Books on Heidegger:

Tom Rockmore, On Heidegger's Nazism and Philosophy

Gerry Stahl, Marxian Hermeneutics and Heideggerian Social Theory: Interpreting and Transforming Our World

Agnes Heller

Yhteiskuntatieteiden hermeneuttisesta metodista yhteiskuntatieteiden hermeneutiikkaan (in Finnish only)

Hermann Helmholtz

The Facts of Perception

Thomas Hobbes

Leviathan (De Cive in same place)

The Elements of Law Natural and Politic

David Hume

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

A Treatise of Human Nature

Essays on Suicide and the Immortality of the Soul

Edmund Husserl

Die Krisis des europäischen Menshentums und die Philosophie

Part II: Clarification of the Origin of the Modern Opposition between Physicalistic Objectivism and Transcendental Subjectivism (from The Crisis of European Sciences)

Part IIIB: The Way into Phenomenological Transcendental Philosophy from Psychology (from The Crisis of European Sciences)

Jean Hyppolite

The Organisation of the Logic: Being, Essence, Concept

Evald Ilyenkov

Dialectical Logic

Dialectics of the Abstract & the Concrete in Marx's Capital

Leninist Dialectics and the Metaphysics of Positivism

The Concept of the Ideal

Roman Jacobson

Six Lectures on Sound and Meaning

William James

The Varieties of Religious Experience

The What Pragmatism means

John of Damascus

Apologia of St John Damascene Against Those who Decry Holy Images

Immanuel Kant

Critique of Pure Reason
Kritik der reinen Vernunft (erste Auflage, 1781)
Kritik der reinen Vernunft (Auflage 1787)

The Critique of Practical Reason (350 kb)
Kritik der praktischen Vernunft

Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals

Introduction to the Metaphysic of Morals

The Critique of Judgement (450 kb, Ei sisällä matemaattisia arvostelmia - Mathematical judgements not included)
Kritik der Urteilskraft

An Answer to the Question: "What is Enlightenment?"

Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch

Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone

The Metaphysica Elements of Ethics

Søren Kierkegaard

Selections from the Writings of Kierkegaard

Alexandre Kojève

The Dialectic of the Real and the Phenomenological Method in Hegel

Ernst Kol'man and Sonia Yanovskaya

Hegel and Mathematics

Karl Korsch

Marxism and Philosophy

Antonio Labriola

Essays on the Materialist Conception of History (355 kb)

Paul Lafargue

Le Droit à la Paressa

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

La Monadologie

The Monadology

Monadologie (German)

Drôle de Pensée, touchant une nouvelle sorte de représentations

Essai de théodicée - Préface et abrégé

Vladimir Uljanovits Lenin

Materialism and Empirio- Criticism

John Locke

An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

Of the Conduct of the Understanding

Concerning Civil Government, Second Essay

A Letter Concerning Toleration

Titus Lucretius

On the Nature of Things

Georg Lukács

The Theory of the Novel

History & Class Consciousness


Hegel's Economics, Frankkfurt adn Jena periods - from The Young Hegel

Jean-François Lyotard

The Field: Knowledge in Computerised Societies - from The Postmodern Condition

Ernst Mach

Introductory remarks: Anti Metaphysical (from The Analysis of Sensations)

Nicolo Machiavelli

The Prince


The Art of War

Herbert Marcuse

Hegel's First System (1802-1806) - from Reason & Revolution

Aggressiveness in Advanced Industrial Society - from Negation

Negative Thinking: The Defeated Logic of Protest - from One Dimensional Man

One-Dimensional Man - Studies in the Ideology of Advanced Industrial Society

Karl Marx

The Freedom of the Press
The Deutsche Jahrbucher wrote about this article as following: "Nothing more profound and more substantial has been said or could have been said on freedom of the press and in defence of it."

Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right

The Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts

Theses on Feuerbach

A Critique of The German Ideology

The Poverty of Philosophy - Answer to the "Philosophy of Poverty" by M. Proudhon

Manifesto of the Communist Party (Kirjoitettu yhdessä Engelsin kanssa - Together with Engels)
Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei ( Zusammenarbeit mit Friedrich Engels)

The Capital, volume 1
Das Kapital I (Vaikeuksia skandien kanssa - Some difficulties with scands)

Maurice Merleau-Ponty

The Structure of Behaviour

István Mészáros

Marx.s Theory of Alienation

Thomas Metzinger

Subjekt und Selbstmodell - Die Perspektivität phänomenalen Bewußtseins vor dem Hintergrund einer naturalistischen Theorie mentaler Repräsentation, (Achtung, über 800 kb)

Faster than Thought - Holism, Homogeneity and Temporal Coding

John Stuart Mill

On Liberty

Representative Government


The Subjection of Women


A system of Logic - Introduction

Michel de Montaigne


Charles de Secondat Montesquieu

De l'Esprit des lois
The Spirit of Law

Thomas More


Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

Die Geburt der Tragödie - Versuch einer Selbstkritik

Unzeitgemäße Betrachtungen

Menschliches, Allzumenschliches

Der Wanderer und sein Schatten


Die fröhliche Wissenschaft
The Gay Science

Also sprach Zarathustra
Thus Spoke Zarathustra

Jenseits von Gut und Böse

Der Antichrist


Der Fall Wagner

Twilight of the Idols

Ecce Homo

Georg Novack

Introduction to the Logic of Marxism

William of Ockham

Dialogus (latin and english)


On Principles

Against Celsus
Books I-III
Books IV-V

Commentary on the Gospel of Matthew

Commentary on the Gospel John

Robert Owen

A New View of Society, Or, Essays on the Principle of the Formation of the Human Character, and the Application of the Principle to Practice

Vilfredo Pareto

Mind and Society


La Machine d'Arithmétique

Pensées (edition 1671, orthographe moderne)

Pensees (in english)

Petits écrits philosophiques et religieux

Charles Peirce

How to Make Our Ideas Clear


Ohessa vain kuuluisimmat Platonin dialogit. Dialogit kokonaisuudessan löydät The Internet Classics Archive -sivulta.

I put here only the most famous dialoques of Plato. You find all dialoques in The Internet Classics Archive.











Book on Plato: Kenneth Neil M. Dorter, Form and Good in Plato's Eleatic Dialogues; The Parmenides, Theatetus, Sophist, and Statesman


The Six Enneads

Willard Quine

The Verification Theory and Reductionism

Ernest Renan

The Life Of Jesus (600 kb)

David Ricardo

The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

The Confessions

A Dissertation On the Origin and Foundation of the Inequality of Mankind

The Social Contract

A Discourse on Political Economy

Constitutional project for Corsica

Consideration on the Goverment of Poland

Book about Rousseau: Frederick Watkins, Rousseau - Political Writings

Bertrand Russel

Theory of Knowledge

Jean-Paul Sartre

Marxism & Existentialism - from Critique of Dialectical Reason

The Problem of Mediations& Auxillary Disciplines from Critique of Dialectical Reason

The Dogmatic Dialectic and the Critical Dialectic - from Critique of Dialectical

The Intelligibility of History: Totalisation without a Totaliser - Critique of Dialectical Reason; final section

Existentialism is a Humanism

Ferdinand de Saussure

Third Course of Lectures on General Linguistics

Moritz Schlick

Epistemology & Modern Physics

Henry Sidgwick

Methods of Ethics

Georg Simmel

How is Society Possible? (45 kb)

John Searle

Is the Brain a Digital Computer?

Minds, Brains, and Programs, from The Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Adam Smith

The Theory of Moral Sentiments

An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of The Wealth of Nations

Herbert Spencer

Reasons for Dissenting from the Philosophy of M. Comte

The Man versus the State

Benedict de Spinoza

The Ethics (Translated by R. H. M. Elwes)

A Political Treatise (Translated by R. H. M. Elwes)

A Theologico-Political Treatise

On the Improvement of the Understanding

The Letters

Max Striner

The Ego and His Own

Alan Turing

Computing Machinery and Intelligence

Hisorshi Uchida

Marx's Grundrisse and Hegel's Logic

Gianni Vattimo

Kommunikaatioetiikka vai tulkinnan etiikka? (in Finnish only)

Ludwig Wittgenstein

Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus

Tractatus in hypertext format both in English and German

On Certainty

Thorsten Veblen

The Theory of the Leisure Class

Theory of Business Enterprise

The Socialist Economics of Karl Marx: Part I; Part II

François Marie Arouet de Voltaire

Candide ou l'optimisme


The Philosophical Dictionary

Max Weber

Definition of Sociology

This page was updated in May 2004.