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Companion Planting

The following is a list of vegetable and herbs which grow well together and protect one another from insect attack. Many herbs are natural insect repellents that can keep your garden bug free and reduce or eliminate the need for potentially harmful pesticides.

By using Companion Planting, many gardeners are discovering that they can discourage garden pests without harming helpful insects such as bees and ladybugs. Some herbs, through their odors or root secretions, will deter pests naturally. An added bonus is; these same herbs, planted as companions in your garden, will season the fruits and vegetables of your labor.

Some herbs even improve the flavor or growth rate of their companion vegetables. Companion planting is the ultimate way to bring the balance of nature into your garden. Just do your best to match the suitable herb with the suitable plant and the rest will follow.

BASIL: Plant with tomatoes to improve growth and flavor and to repel flies and mosquitoes. Do not plant near rue.

BAY LEAF:A fresh leaf bay leaf in each storage container of beans or grains will deter weevils and moths. Sprinkle with other deterrent herbs in garden as natural insecticide dust.

BEE BALM (Oswego):Plant with tomatoes to improve growth and flavor.

BORAGE:Companion plant for tomatoes, squash and strawberries. Deters tomato worms.

CARAWAY:Good for loosening compacted soil.

CATNIP:Deters flea beetles.

CAMOMILE: Improves flavor of cabbages and onions.

CHERVIL:Companion to radishes for improved growth and flavor.

CHIVES:Improves growth and flavor of carrots.

DILL:Improves growth and health of cabbage. Do not plant near carrots.

FENNEL:Most plants dislike it. Plant to itself.

FLAX: Plant with carrots, and potatoes.

GARLIC:Plant near roses to repel aphids.

GOPHER PURGE:Deters gophers, and moles.

HORSERADISH:Plant in potato patch to keep away potato bugs.

HYSSOP:Companion plant to cabbage and grapes, deters cabbage moths. Do not plant near radishes.

KELP:When used in a powder mixture or tea spray, this versatile sea herb will not only repel insects but feed the vegetables.

LEMON BALM:Sprinkle throughout the garden in an herbal powder mixture.

LOVAGE:Improves flavor and health of most plants.

MARIGOLDS (Calendula):The workhorse of pest deterrents. Keeps soil free of nematodes; discourages many insects. Plant freely throughout the garden.

MARJORAM: Improves flavor of all vegetables.

MINT:Deters white cabbage moths, and improves the health of cabbage and tomatoes.

MOLE PLANTS:Deter moles and mice if planted here and there throughout the garden.

NASTURTIUMS:Plant with tomatoes, radishes, cabbage, cucumbers, and under fruit trees. Deters aphids and pests of curcurbit family.

PARSLEY: Plant and sprinkle on tomatoes, and asparagus.

PEPPERMINT:Repels white cabbage moths.

PETUNIAS:Remember mom or grandma planting these? She had good reason, even though she may have only planted them for tradition's sake. They repel the asparagus beetle, tomato worm and general garden pests. Also, a good companion to tomatoes, but plant everywhere.

PURSLANE:This edible weed makes good ground cover in the corn. Use the stems, leaves and seeds in stirfrys. Pickle the green seed pod for capers.

ROSEMARY:Companion plant to cabbage, beans, carrots and sage. Deters cabbage moths, bean beetles, and carrot flies.

RUE:Deters Japanese beetles in roses and raspberries.

SAGE:Companion plant with rosemary, cabbage, and carrots to deter cabbage moths, beetles, carrot flies. Do not plant near cucumbers.

SOUTHERNWOOD: Plant with cabbage, and here and there in the garden.

SUMMER SAVORY:Plant with beans and onions to improve growth and flavor. Discourages cabbage moths.

TANSY:Plant with fruit trees, roses and raspberries. Deters flying insects, Japanese beetles, striped cucumber beetles, squash bugs, and ants.

TARRAGON:Plant throughout the garden, not many pests like this one.

THYME:Deters cabbage worms.

VALERIAN: Good anywhere in the garden, as a powder.

WORMWOOD:Keeps animals out of the garden when planted as a border.

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