THE MAGNETIC AND ELECTROSTATIC FIELDS OF THE UNIVERSE - Chapter 29 Physics of the Universe Copyright (c) 1998 by Gerald Grushow In the dot theory, there is dot current flow of both AC and DC which effects oscillation of the universe over the long period. The dot current flow provides a dot current magnetic field which is counter balanced by the dot electrostatic field. There are forces which develop which are equal and opposite which drive the universe. There is a phase shift between these forces which give rise to a hysteresis loop in space and time, causing the universe to oscillate. If you equally spread all the dots or all the p* subparticles throughout the universe such that it was in perfect balance, you would find a net attraction among all the dots. Thus: + - + - + - + - + - - + - + - + - + - + + - + - + - + - + - - + - + - + - + - + In the above pattern of dots or p* subparticles (137 dots each) we find that the electrostatic attraction is always positive and this would cause the universe to converge toward a pinpoint. In Chapter 3 we found that the force acting on a dot by the universe is: Fd = K Q Q/ 4 pi Ru^2 (29-1) In equation 29-1 we see that the force on a dot is equal to the force of a sphere at the radius of the universe acting upon the dot. If the dot is a plus dot, then the universe that the dot sees is a minus dot. Instead of the radius of the universe we could use the root mean square of the average location of a minus dot within the universe. Thus we could say that the RMS location of the minus dot is 0.7071 Ru. However, for this simple analysis let us use Ru as the location of the mirror image of the dot. The total force acting on the universe is the number of dots times the force per dot. Fu = Nd K Q Q/ 4 pi Ru^2 (29-2) At any time that the dots are attracting one another in the universe by static coulomb attraction, there must be a repulsive force which is equal and opposite. When we look at the dot current flow in the universe we find that each plus dot sees Nd/2 current flows in the opposite direction but only [(Nd/2)- 1] dot current flows in the same direction. Thus: For a plus dot the current flows seen are: Id (+dots) = Nd/2 -1 (29-3) Id (-dots) = Nd/2 (29-4) The net current flow for each dot equals the difference Id (+dots) = -1 (29-5) Id (-dots) = +1 (29-6) We see from equations 29-5 and 29-6, that each plus dot sees a net negative dot current flow as representing the universe. The minus dot sees a net positive dot current flow. Since each sees the opposite current flow, the electromagnetic forces are repulsive. From electrical theory, the force between two wires is: F(wires) = (Uo Ia Ib x length)/ 2 pi R (29-7) If we use 2 pi Ru for the length and the distance R as well, we get: Uo Ia Ib (29-8) Where Uo is the electrical permitivity and Ia and Ib both are the dot current flow. From Chapter 4, the dot current flow is: Idot = QC / 4 pi Ru (29-9) We see that in equation 29-9, the dot current flow is the current flow of a capacitor sphere with charge Q in the center and on the outer sphere where the capacitor sphere outer surface is moving at the speed of light as it expands.Therefore: Fdot(magnetic) = Uo Q Q C C / [(4 pi) (4 pi) Ru Ru] (29-10) The total force acting on all the dots is: Fd = Nd Uo[ C^2 Q^2]/ [4 pi Ru]^2 (29-11) Since K = UoC^2/ 4 pi we get: Fdots (universe) = Nd K Q Q / [4 pi Ru^2] (29-12) Therefore : Total Force(electrostatic) =Total Force (magnetic) (29-13) From 29-13 we find that the total electrostatic force in the universe is equal to the total electromagnetic force. Since Q varies with time, there are slight differences in these forces. When the universe is expanding the loss of charge drives the dot current flow which causes the universe to expand. When the universe is contracting, the charge is increasing and the electrostatic forces are slightly greater.