Jerry Grushow wrote:
DOPPLER ENERGY RELATIONSHIPS - Chapter 28 Physics of the Universe
Copyright (c) 1998 by Gerald Grushow BSEE
Let us now look at the manner by which photon energy converts into
kinetic energy. Some of the energy of a photon takes on a spherical
energy form and thus is phase locked into the proton s gravitational field.
Phase locked energy is gravitational. This means that the energy
is part of the proton standing wave pattern. The electron in the Bohr
orbit is phase locked with the proton. That means that for every 137
oscillations of the proton, the electron oscillates one time. The proton
oscillates at a basic frequency which is repeated many times in intensity
by the total number of oscillating subparticles. The same is true of
the electron. Each has a different number. The ratio of the subparticles
are:
P* subparticles Proton/ P* subparticles electron = 1836 (28-1)
In equation 28-1 we find that the ratio of the number of
P* subparticles (137 dots per subparticle) of the proton to the
number of P* subparticles in the electron is the mass ratio number.
The proton has more of the same P* subparticles which come
with both a plus and minus charge and exist freely within a
1.457 E-15 radius. The frequency of oscillation of the proton and
the electron subparticles are identical. Thus the inner frequency
of the proton equals the inner frequency of the electron.
Inner Frequency Proton = Inner Frequency Electron (28-2)
In the Bohr orbit we have a phase locked loop. This is common
in modern electrical circuit theory. The phase locked loop will lock
the Bohr Orbit into exactly C/137. This is because the dots always
move at the speed of light. Thus:
Vd = Vdot = C (28-3)
In equation 28-3 we see that the dot always moves. It never stops. It
always travels at the speed of light. It is a focal point of the
electromagnetic field and it always moves.
P* is a 137 dot subparticle. It comes with plus charge and
minus charge and and equivalent AC charge which gives it mass and
inertia. This lowest subparticle acts like a 137 phase generator. The
speed of the 137 phase generator is:
Vp* = C/ 137 (28-4)
For an Einsteinian space time universe there are 1.2211E45 dots
per neutron giving 8.9131E42 P* subparticles per neutron. For an ordinary
spherical universe there would be a factor of 4 pi less. Thus
there are 7.0929E41 P* subparticles per neutron. The electron and
proton have less by their mass factors. Thus:
Np* proton = Np*Neutron . Mp /Mn (28-5)
Np* electron = Np* Neutron . Me/ Mn (28-6)
The mass of a P* subparticle is:
Mp* = 1.8792E-70 Kg for Einsteinian solution (28-7)
Mp* = 1.4954E-71 Kg for Simple Sphere solution (28-8)
The simple sphere solution appears to be better than the
Einstein solution especially for calculations, but either solution
gives the same results as far as our measurements are concerned. The
Einsteinian solution of closed space time has the advantage of equally
distributing the matter in the universe and could be considered a
perfect sphere.
In any event the P* subparticle is the smallest quanta of
energy in the universe. Radiated electromagnetic waves will have
spheres of P* subparticles flowing from them. Thus you will get plus
and minus patterns radiating out of an antenna. The photon at a
minimum contains both a plus and minus p* subparticle and is thus
electrically neutral.
Let us now look at a block of matter containing a huge number
of P* subparticles and add more subparticles to it. If the addition
is in the form of heat, the additional photons will cause the electrons
to move into higher shells which are phase locked. Thus the mass of
the object will increase as the photons are added. However some of the
photon energy will be continually in motion causes the atoms to move
between shells continuously. These photons will not add to the
gravitational mass. Thus when we heat an object the mass increases but
not all. Some of the mass remains as gravitational mass.
Energy of Mass + Photon Energy = Inertial Energy (28-9)
Gravitational phase locked energy < Inertial energy (28-10)
We see in equation 28-10 that the gravitational energy is less
that the inertial energy. Thus when you heat an object it weights
more but not as much as the added energy.
Let us now look at the Doppler mass equations. For an object
traveling with a velocity C toward the right, the Doppler mass at
the left is:
M (left) = [C/(C+V)] Mo (28-11)
whereas the mass to the right is:
M(right) = [C/ (C-V)] Mo (28-12)
The gravitational mass is the geometric mean of the two values:
Mg = Mo / [1-(V/C)^2]^0.5 (28-13)
Equation 28-13 which is Einsteins equation gives the phase locked
loop gravitational mass increase due to the addition of photon
energy. Since some of the energy is not phase locked, the total
inertial energy is the algebraic mean. Thus:
Mi = Mo/ [1-(V/C)^2] (28-14)
Equation 14 conserves the energy and momentum of the photon and the
block of matter. Einsteins equation does not. Thus classical physics
dictate equation 28-14 whereas Einsteins space time really describes the
gravitational energy. His equation is important in describing planetary
motion and the Bohr orbit, but it is only part of the story.
Let us rewrite equation 28-14 as follows:
Mi = [(C^2)/ (C^2 - V^2)] Mo (28-15)
Let us now rewrite the mass equation into energy:
Ei = MiC^2 = MoC^2 + MiV^2 (28-16)
Equation 28-16 gives the true relationship between energy and
velocity. When we combine unsynchronized photons with matter causes
the matter to move, the energy increase is equal to the inertial
mass times the velocity squared. In general the change in inertial
mass is twice that of gravitational mass for small changes in
light speed. This can be seen by comparing Einsteins formula with the
Doppler inertia formula and seeing that for small velocity the
inertial mass differential is twice that of the gravitational mass
differential. Thus:
Delta Gravitational Energy = (1/2) MoV^2 (28-17)
We see in equation 28-17 our old familiar equation of kinetic
energy for small velocities as compared to the speed of light.The
corresponding differential inertial energy is:
Delta Inertial Energy = MoV^2 (28-18)
We see in equation 28-18 that for small velocities the change in
inertial energy due to photon addition is twice that of gravitational
energy. Of course as the speed of the object increases we must us
the whole Doppler formula in equation 28-16.
We can now make a little triangle of mass to see the
relationships:
(MoC^2)/K*
D
A ......................................B
. Mo . Mp .
. . .
. . MoV/J* .
. . .
. . . MoCV/ K*
MoC/J* . . .
. .
.
C
Where J* = (C^2 - V^2)^0.5
and K* = (C^2 -V^2)
We see from, the mass triangle that line AC represents Einsteins
formula while line AB represents the total mass. We see that line DB
represents the photon energy or rest mass. The trianglwe can be turned
into a circle and used to see how much photon energy is required to move
a block of mass of X number of dots to a particular velocity. We see that
as we add photon dots, both the velocity increases and the mass increases
according to the triange. The problem with Einsteins theory was that
it only showed part of the triangle.
In classical physics the slope of energy with respect to velocity is:
d(E)/d(v) = Mo V (28-19)
Thus momentum is the slope of the energy curve where:
E= (1/2) Mo V^2 (28-20)
For Einsteins formula:
E= (MoC^3)/ [C^2 -V^2]^0.5 (28-21)
Thus:
d(E)/d(v)= Mo(C^3 )V / (C^2 - V^2)^ (3/2) (28-22)
This clearly is incorrect. It is sad that the physics world has
for so long been fooled into thinking a partial solution was the
total solution. It only goes to prove that institutions of learning
are merely robot making devices. They produce people of a mold. One
would expect better for the human race but alas man is but carbon
copies of the same thing.
For the Doppler solution:
d(E)/d(v) = 2 MoV for small v because half the solution is
for kinetic energy and the other half goes into making the mass.