THE MECHANICAL UNIVERSE- Chapter 22 Physics of the Universe Copyright (c) 1998 by Gerald Grushow Let us now look at the universe from a mechanical perspective. The universe can be described as a combination of electrical and mechanical as per ordinary theory, it can also be described in terms of coulombs only by means of electrical theory. Finally it can be described using kilograms only by using mechanical theory. Since kilograms equals coulomb seconds per meter, we can convert all electrical terms into mechanical terms. The following chart is the dual of the chart for the conversion from mass to charge in Chapter 4. Quantity Units Mass kg Charge Kg met/ sec Energy Kg met^2/ sec^2 Coulomb Constant met/Kg Force Kg met/sec^2 Momentum Kg met/sec Plank's Constant Kg met^2 / sec Permeability Sec^2 / kg Met Permitivity Kg/ met Voltage Met/sec Current Kg Met/ sec^2 Impedance Sec/ Kg Grav.Constant Met^3 / Kg Sec^2 Power Kg Met^2 / sec^3 Flux density Kg / met Inductance Sec^2 / Kg Charge / Mass Met / Sec Capacitance kg As we look at the conversion chart for the sister solution No. 1 for the conversion of mass to charge we find that capacitance has the same units as mass. Thus a mass is the equivalent of a capacitor. They both store energy. Since voltage has the units of meters per second, we find that mechanical momemtum is the electrical dual of a charged capacitor. Thus changing the velocity an object is identical with charging the AC electric gravitational field within the capacitance of the dots which make up the mass. Of course it is easier to see this as a charged inductance which is the other half of the circuit. This corresponds to the change in mass which occurs when we move the block. Thus both capacitance and inductance represent what happend in the block of wood which moves. Of particular importance is the mechanical definition of charge. Charge is kilogram meters per second. Thus it is a momentum. Yet we do not see charge as a dot moving along a path. We see charge as a stationary point which does not move. Thus charge is a spherical oscillation momemtum. This means that the charge is oscillating with respect to time. The normalization equation used in this text was: 4 pi Q Tu = 1* (21-1) where 1* has the units of coulomb seconds. Since in the mechanical world, charge is an oscillating momemtum, it is a torque frequency. Equation 21-1 then says that the torque of the universe is invariant over the entire time of the universe. When we look at current we see that it is the rate of change of the spherical momentum. Thus the current flow of the universe indicates a loss of momentum with time. The charge per mass in meters per second appears to be wavelength over the time period. As the universe expands the wavelength increases and the time period increases also so Q/M remains constant. As we look at this chart, we see that another solution is possible. The book up till now showed the exponential solution, it also showed the exponential sinusoid solution. From a mechanical perspective we see that a pure sineusoid is also possible. The oscillating charge Q which represents the oscillation of the outer sphere of the universe at radius Ru, oscillates at an extremely slow rate. This causes the dot voltage to appear constant. It gives the appearance of a DC circuit while the little AC charge Q* gives us mass and inertia. As time progresses the universe follows a pure sine wave and a point is reached where the universe nulls out when the sine wave crosses zero. Thus the universe cycles from no mass and no charge to the production of charges and masses and atoms. This being a very gradual slow effect. It is an interesting possibility. The author prefers the exponential sinusoid solution but a sine wave is merely another exponential with an (i) factor such that i^2 = -1. Let us now briefly look at the world of subatomic particles. The physicist have been producing and isolating a wide variety of particles and subparticles. Some appear in nature, some are man made. The compression of the universe produces neutrons. It appears that it produces protons and electrons of equal energy level and that one wins the center spot and the other loses energy by radiation until it is the weak electron. Throughout the universe we will have galaxies with protons and antiprotons and a whole assortment of phase angles such that galaxies and antigalaxies coexist without problem because their phase angles are 90 degrees apart and they will not harm each other. If we look at the entire mechanical spectrum we find that we can view the charge Q as a sinewave. The charge Q* is a small amplitude higher frequency sine wave incorporated within Q. These are only two frequencies. It is unlikely that only two frequencies exist for the series. Thus there is an entire spectrum of frequencies within the charge Q.The gravitational field only is one out of a whole series. To make matters more complicated, the other universes which coexist with us share the same outer edge at radius Ru. This causes oscillations of the outer shell of the universe of an infinite series. Although we have little interference between us and the other universes, we certainly will feel the effects of the totality of the other universes operating upon our common outer radius. Thus a series of frequencies will cause the dots of our existence to produce a nearly infinite series of things. Our eyes and instruments and bodies filter out the other universes and filter out most of the harmonics within the charge Q. If we took the gravitational oscillation as the highest frequency we could say that everything else was a harmonic of this. That would interrelate things. If this was not the case then we get a spectrum of unrelated things. There could be any kind of series within the oscillation of the charge Q. People could spend a lifetime just isolating one particular frequency of a huge series. Einstein came up with some nice simple equations which describe what is happening. It is merely a describing function. The truth is that the mechanical world contains a spectrum of frequencies and light speeds. In addition noise exists everywhere. In spite of this mankind tries his best to simplify the magical world of dots into things we can see and comprehend. The author hopes that his effort will bring mankind a little more understanding of the total complexity of the universe.gg