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Zophar Chirping, one of Job's friends who came to condole with him in his distress (Job 2:11. The LXX. render here "king of the Mineans" = Ma'in , Maonites, Jdg 10:12, in Southern Arabia). He is called a Naamathite, or an inhabitant of some unknown place called Naamah.

Zophim, Field of Field of watchers, a place in Moab on the range of Pisgah (Num 23:14). To this place Balak brought Balaam, that he might from thence curse the children of Israel. Balaam could only speak the word of the Lord, and that was blessing. It is the modern Tal'at-es-Safa . (See PISGAH.)

Zorah Place of wasps, a town in the low country of Judah, afterwards given to Dan (Jos 19:41; Jdg 18:2), probably the same as Zoreah (Jos 15:33). This was Samson's birthplace (Jdg 13:2, Jdg 13:25), and near it he found a grave (Jdg 16:31). It was situated on the crest of a hill overlooking the valley of Sorek, and was fortified by Rehoboam (Ch2 11:10). It has been identified with Sur'ah , in the Wady Surar , 8 miles west of Jerusalem. It is noticed on monuments in the fifteenth century B.C. as attacked by the Abiri or Hebrews.

Zuph Honeycomb, a Kohathite Levite, ancestor of Elkanah and Samuel (Sa1 1:1); called also Zophai (Ch1 6:26).

Zuph, Land of (Sa1 9:5, Sa1 9:6), a district in which lay Samuel's city, Ramah. It was probably so named after Elkanah's son, Zuph (Ch1 6:26, marg.).

Zur Rock. (1.) One of the five Midianite kings whom the Israelites defeated and put to death (Num 31:8). (2.) A Benjamite (Ch1 8:30).

Zuriel Rock of God, chief of the family of the Merarites (Num 3:35) at the time of the Exodus.

Zurishaddai Rock of the Almighty, the father of Shelumiel, who was chief of the tribe of Simeon when Israel was encamped at Sinai (Num 1:6; Num 2:12).

Zuzims Restless; sprouting, were smitten "in Ham" by Chedorlaomer and his allies (Gen 14:5). Some have identified this tribe with the Zamzummims (q.v.).