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Shemuel Heard of God. (1.) The son of Ammihud. He represented Simeon in the division of the land (Num 34:20). (2.) Used for "Samuel" (Ch1 6:33, R.V.). (3.) A prince of the tribe of Issachar (Ch1 7:2).

Shen A tooth, probably some conspicuous tooth-shaped rock or crag (Sa1 7:12), a place between which and Mizpeh Samuel set up his "Ebenezer." In the Hebrew the word has the article prefixed, "the Shen." The site is unknown.

Shenir =Senir (Deu 3:9; Sol 4:8), the name given to Mount Hermon (q.v.) by the Sidonians.

Sheol (Heb., "the all-demanding world" = Gr. Hades , "the unknown region"), the invisible world of departed souls. (See HELL.)

Shepham A treeless place, Num 34:10, Num 34:11 : "The coast shall go down from Shepham to Riblah."

Shephatiah Judged of the Lord. (1.) A son of David by Abital (Sa2 3:4). (2.) A Benjamite who joined David at Ziklag (Ch1 12:5). (3.) A Simeonite prince in David's time (Ch1 27:16). (4.) One of Jehoshaphat's sons (Ch2 21:2). (5.) Ezr 2:4. (6.) Ezr 2:57; Neh 7:59. (7.) One of the princes who urged the putting of Jeremiah to death (Jer 38:1).

Shepherd A word naturally of frequent occurrence in Scripture. Sometimes the word "pastor" is used instead (Jer 2:8; Jer 3:15; Jer 10:21; Jer 12:10; Jer 17:16). This word is used figuratively to represent the relation of rulers to their subjects and of God to his people (Psa 23:1; Psa 80:1; Isa 40:11; Isa 44:28; Jer 25:34, Jer 25:35; Nah 3:18; Joh 10:11, Joh 10:14; Heb 13:20; Pe1 2:25; Pe1 5:4). The duties of a shepherd in an unenclosed country like Palestine were very onerous. "In early morning he led forth the flock from the fold, marching at its head to the spot where they were to be pastured. Here he watched them all day, taking care that none of the sheep strayed, and if any for a time eluded his watch and wandered away from the rest, seeking diligently till he found and brought it back. In those lands sheep require to be supplied regularly with water, and the shepherd for this purpose has to guide them either to some running stream or to wells dug in the wilderness and furnished with troughs. At night he brought the flock home to the fold, counting them as they passed under the rod at the door to assure himself that none were missing. Nor did his labours always end with sunset. Often he had to guard the fold through the dark hours from the attack of wild beasts, or the wily attempts of the prowling thief (see Sa1 17:34)." Deane's David.

Sherebiah Flame of the Lord, a priest whose name is prominent in connection with the work carried on by Ezra and Nehemiah at Jerusalem (Ezr 8:17, Ezr 8:18, Ezr 8:24; Neh 8:7; Neh 9:4, Neh 9:5; Neh 10:12).

Sheresh Root, a descendant of Manasseh (Ch1 7:16).

Sherezer One of the messengers whom the children of the Captivity sent to Jerusalem "to pray for them before the Lord" (Zac 7:2).