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Gap A rent or opening in a wall (Eze 13:5; compare Amo 4:3). The false prophets did not stand in the gap (Eze 22:30), i.e., they did nothing to stop the outbreak of wickedness.

Gardens Mentioned in Scripture, of Eden (Gen 2:8, Gen 2:9); Ahab's garden of herbs (Kg1 21:2); the royal garden (Kg2 21:18); the royal garden at Susa (Est 1:5); the garden of Joseph of Arimathea (Joh 19:41); of Gethsemane (Joh 18:1). The "king's garden" mentioned Kg2 25:4, Neh 3:15, was near the Pool of Siloam. Gardens were surrounded by hedges of thorns (Isa 5:5) or by walls of stone (Pro 24:31). "Watch-towers" or "lodges" were also built in them (Isa 1:8; Mar 12:1), in which their keepers sat. On account of their retirement they were frequently used as places for secret prayer and communion with God (Gen 24:63; Mat 26:30; Joh 1:48; Joh 18:1, Joh 18:2). The dead were sometimes buried in gardens (Gen 23:19, Gen 23:20; Kg2 21:18, Kg2 21:26; Sa1 25:1; Mar 15:46; Joh 19:41). (See PARADISE.)

Gareb Scabby; itch. (1.) One of David's warriors (Sa2 23:38), an Ithrite. (2.) A hill near Jerusalem (Jer 31:39), probably the hill of lepers, and consequently a place outside the boundary of the city.

Garlands (Act 14:13). In heathen sacrifices the victims were adorned with fillets and garlands made of wool, with leaves and flowers interwoven. The altar and the priests and attendants were also in like manner adorned.

Garlic (Heb. shum , from its strong odor), mentioned only once (Num 11:5). The garlic common in Eastern countries is the Allium sativum or Allium Ascalonicum, so called from its having been brought into Europe from Ascalon by the Crusaders. It is now known by the name of "shallot" or "eschalot."

Garner (1.) Heb. 'otsar , a treasure; a store of goods laid up, and hence also the place where they are deposited (Joe 1:17; Ch2 32:27, rendered "treasury"). (2.) Heb. mezev , a cell, storeroom (Psa 144:13); Gr. apotheke , a place for storing anything, a granary (Mat 3:12; Luk 3:17).

Garnish Overlay with stones (Ch2 3:6), adorn (Rev 21:19), deck with garlands (Mat 23:29), furnish (Mat 12:44). In Job 26:13 (Heb. shiphrah , meaning "brightness"), "By his spirit the heavens are brightness" i.e., are bright, splendid, beautiful.

Garrison (1.) Heb. matstsab , a station; a place where one stands (Sa1 14:12); a military or fortified post (Sa1 13:23; Sa1 14:1, Sa1 14:4, Sa1 14:6, etc.). (2.) Heb. netsib , a praefect, superintendent; hence a military post (Sa1 10:5; Sa1 13:3, Sa1 13:4; Sa2 8:6). This word has also been explained to denote a pillar set up to mark the Philistine conquest, or an officer appointed to collect taxes; but the idea of a military post seems to be the correct one. (3.) Heb. matstsebah , properly a monumental column; improperly rendered pl. "garrisons" in Eze 26:11; correctly in Revised Version "pillars," marg. "obelisks," probably an idolatrous image.

Gate (1.) Of cities, as of Jerusalem (Jer 37:13; Neh 1:3; Neh 2:3; Neh 3:3), of Sodom (Gen 19:1), of Gaza (Jdg 16:3). (2.) Of royal palaces (Neh 2:8). (3.) Of the temple of Solomon (Kg1 6:34, Kg1 6:35; Kg2 18:16); of the holy place (Kg1 6:31, Kg1 6:32; Eze 41:23, Eze 41:24); of the outer courts of the temple, the beautiful gate (Act 3:2). (4.) Tombs (Mat 27:60). (5.) Prisons (Act 12:10; Act 16:27). (6.) Caverns (Kg1 19:13). (7.) Camps (Exo 32:26, Exo 32:27; Heb 13:12). The materials of which gates were made were, (1.) Iron and brass (Psa 107:16; Isa 45:2; Act 12:10). (2.) Stones and pearls (Isa 54:12; Rev 21:21). (3.) Wood (Jdg 16:3) probably. At the gates of cities courts of justice were frequently held, and hence "judges of the gate" are spoken of (Deu 16:18; Deu 17:8; Deu 21:19; Deu 25:6, Deu 25:7, etc.). At the gates prophets also frequently delivered their messages (Pro 1:21; Pro 8:3; Isa 29:21; Jer 17:19, Jer 17:20; Jer 26:10). Criminals were punished without the gates (Kg1 21:13; Act 7:59). By the "gates of righteousness" we are probably to understand those of the temple (Psa 118:19). "The gates of hell" (R.V., "gates of Hades") Mat 16:18, are generally interpreted as meaning the power of Satan, but probably they may mean the power of death, denoting that the Church of Christ shall never die.

Gath A wine-vat one of the five royal cities of the Philistines (Jos 13:3) on which the ark brought calamity (Sa1 5:8, Sa1 5:9; Sa1 6:17). It was famous also as being the birthplace or residence of Goliath (Sa1 17:4). David fled from Saul to Achish, king of Gath (Sa1 21:10; Sa1 27:2; Psa 56:1), and his connection with it will account for the words in Sa2 1:20. It was afterwards conquered by David (Sa2 8:1). It occupied a strong position on the borders of Judah and Philistia (Sa1 21:10; Ch1 18:1). Its site has been identified with the hill called Tell es Safieh, the Alba Specula of the Middle Ages, which rises 695 feet above the plain on its east edge. It is noticed on monuments about 1500 B.C.. (See METHEG-AMMAH.)