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Adummim The red ones, a place apparently on the road between Jericho and Jerusalem, "on the south side of the torrent" Wady Kelt, looking toward Gilgal, mentioned Jos 15:7; Jos 18:17. It was nearly half-way between Jerusalem and Jericho, and now bears the name of Tal-at-ed-Dumm. It is supposed to have been the place referred to in the parable of the Good Samaritan (Luk 10:30). Recently a new carriage-road has been completed, and carriages for the first time have come along this road from Jerusalem.

Adversary (Heb. satan ), an opponent or foe (Kg1 5:4; Kg1 11:14, Kg1 11:23, Kg1 11:25; Luk 13:17); one that speaks against another, a complainant (Mat 5:25; Luk 12:58); an enemy (Luk 18:3), and specially the devil (Pe1 5:8).

Advocate (Gr. parakletos ), one who pleads another's cause, who helps another by defending or comforting him. It is a name given by Christ three times to the Holy Ghost (Joh 14:16; Joh 15:26; Joh 16:7, where the Greek word is rendered "Comforter," q.v.). It is applied to Christ in Jo1 2:1, where the same Greek word is rendered "Advocate," the rendering which it should have in all the places where it occurs. Tertullus "the orator" (Act 24:1) was a Roman advocate whom the Jews employed to accuse Paul before Felix.

Aenon Springs, a place near Salim where John baptized (Joh 3:23). It was probably near the upper source of the Wady Far'ah , an open valley extending from Mount Ebal to the Jordan. It is full of springs. A place has been found called 'Ainun , four miles north of the springs.

Affection Feeling or emotion. Mention is made of "vile affections" (Rom 1:26) and "inordinate affection" (Col 3:5). Christians are exhorted to set their affections on things above (Col 3:2). There is a distinction between natural and spiritual or gracious affections (Eze 33:32).

Affinity Relationship by alliance (Ch2 18:1) or by marriage (Kg1 3:1). Marriages are prohibited within certain degrees of affinity, enumerated Lev 18:6. Consanguinity is relationship by blood.

Afflictions Common to all (Job 5:7; Job 14:1; Psa 34:19); are for the good of men (Jam 1:2, Jam 1:3, Jam 1:12; Co2 12:7) and the glory of God (Co2 12:7; Pe1 4:14), and are to be borne with patience by the Lord's people (Psa 94:12; Pro 3:12). They are all directed by God (Lam 3:33), and will result in the everlasting good of his people (Co2 4:16) in Christ Jesus (Rom 8:35).

Agabus Prophet, probably one of the seventy disciples of Christ. He prophesied at Antioch of an approaching famine (Act 11:27, Act 11:28). Many years afterwards he met Paul at Caesarea, and warned him of the bonds and affliction that awaited him at Jerusalem should he persist in going thither (Act 21:10).

Agag Flame, the usual title of the Amalekite kings, as "Pharaoh" was of the Egyptian. (1.) A king of the Amalekites referred to by Balaam (Num 24:7). He lived at the time of the Exodus. (2.) Another king of the Amalekites whom Saul spared unlawfully, but whom Samuel on his arrival in the camp of Saul ordered, in retributive justice (Judg. 1), to be brought out and cut in pieces (1 Sam. 15:8-33. Compare Exo 17:11; Num 14:45).

Agagite A name applied to Haman and also to his father (Est 3:1, Est 3:10; Est 8:3, Est 8:5). Probably it was equivalent to Amalekite.