In my research, I have come across Star Jasmine, also known as Chinese Star Jasmine, Confederate Jasmine, or Trachelospermum Jasminoides. This plant is completely legal in the United States and is often grown and used for its appealing fragrance. It is even reportedly easy to grow. The problem, as there always is, is that the Ibogaine alkaloid content is very small; Shaman Australis (below) puts it at around 0.04%.
Reprinted from Shaman Australis Botanicals:
An evergreen vine, it grows to a height of 7m. The stem is woody and branching; the leaves are green, ovate-acuminate and thick; the flowers are white, star shaped, fragrant , 5 petalled and invurving, occurring in terminal clusters.
A native of S China, it is adaptable to most soils in an open, sunny position, and is frost resistant but drought tender.
Propagation is by cuttings taken in spring.
The main alkaloid found in the leaves and stems of Trachelospermum jasminoides is ibogaine, along with tabernaemontanine, vobasine and voacangine-7-hydroxyindolenine (this last one is possibly an extraction artefact). The total alkaloid content is about 0.04%, but no percentages were given for the separate alkaloids. There is at least one anecdotal reference of a researcher ingesting a quantity of seeds of this species, resulting in strong effects (no more details than that known). We have never seen this plant seed though.
Reprinted from Entheogen.com:
Ibogaine from Trachelospermum jasminoides
"Leaves and stems (50 kg) were dried in the shade and extracted with ethanol. The crude alcoholic extracts were concentrated and partitioned between 10% hydrochloric acid and chloroform (pH 1). The chloroform layer was dried with anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated to a gum (25 g, F1). The aqueous acidic layer was basified with aqueous ammonia and extracted into chloroform at various pH values (5, 7, 9, and 11). The fraction obtained at pH-5 (20 g, F2) was found to contain major alkaloids. We have recently reported five indole alkaloids from this plant (2)."
"The crude alkaloidal fraction (F1, 25 g) was subjected to flash chromatography. [...] The alkaloid isolated was identified as voacangine-7-hydroxyindolenine by comparison of its spectral data with those reported in the literature (3). [...] Voacangine-7-hydroxyindolenine may have been formed by air oxidation during the extraction and isolation process."
"Fraction F2 (20 g) was also loaded on a silica column (750 g) and was eluted with increasing polarities of mixtures of petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and methanol." "The fraction obtained on elution with chloroform:ethyl acetate (3:1) consisted of a mixture of four alkaloids. This fraction was subjected to a flash chromatography which was eluted with increasing polarities of mixtures of petroleum ether in acetone. The fraction obtained on elution with 70% petroleum ether in acetone was found to contain two major alkaloids. These alkaloids were separated by preparative TLC on silica gel (petroleum ether:acetone:ammonia, 6:3.95:0.05). The faster moving alkaloid was identified as ibogaine by comparison of its spectral data with those reported in the literature (7) while the slower moving alkaloid was identified as tabernaemontanine (8)."
"Further elution of the same column with 60% petroleum ether in acetone afforded another alkaloid which was further purified by preparative TLC on silica gel (petroleum ether:acetone:ammonia, 1:1:0
Editor's Notes: The above extraction my be incomplete - this is the most complete form I could find for it, though - please do not attempt until further research is completed.
Growing T. Jasminoides
Reprinted from Plant Adviser.
This attractive and fragrant vine or ground cover is known for its dark-green foliage and clusters of star-shaped flowers. As a vine, this plant can be used to cover trellises, fences, or posts but is best placed near foot-traffic where its fragrance and appearance can be appreciat-ed. As a ground cover, it's often used on patios, in entryways, or as edging along walks.
The leaves and flowers of T. asiaticum are smaller than T. jasminoides. True jasmines (Jasminum species) have somewhat similar appearance and growth habit, and also have fragrant flowers.
Planting & Care
Begin with 5-gallon plants spaced 5 feet apart for a climbing vine or 3 feet apart for a ground cover. Begin training climbing vines immediately. This plant may require some shade in warmer zones. Cut back by one-third each year. Pinch back tips of ground cover and weed thoroughly the first few years. Feed in the spring.
Plant is damaged at 20 degrees F. Prefers north and east exposure or needs shade in hottest areas.
Insects & Diseases
When used as a ground cover, plants may be attacked by scale, mealy-bugs, or red spider mites.
This plant is readily availible in the United States. It has very limited availibility online, but can be purchased at many speciality nurseries. I have checked and there are 2 nurseries that sell plants (inexpensively) in my area, that I know of.
Some locations for Star Jasmine on the net:
Please note that I haven't ordered from any of these sites and cannot gaurantee anything about these places.
This site sells an "Essence" of Star Jasmine. Could be useful in extracting the Ibogaine.
Another site that sells the plant. I believe you can order from them.
This location definitely doesn't ship, but there are stores all over California and they carry Star Jasmine.
Very Cool ShroomVator!!
I have one growing in the front of my place
Could you post how you take care of your Star Jasmine?!
All I do is fertilize it 4 times a year with an 8-4-8 Azalea/Gardenia time release fertilizer that was recommended to me by the nursery employee where I bought it
Hmm... Unfortunately, I have found that such low concentrations are not very conducive to decent extractions for the home chemist. Trust me...
You also need to know where in the plant the highest concentrations are. Peyote, for instance, has hardly anything in its roots.
If someone tried the seeds of this plant and got an effect, I would research the concentrations of ibogaine in Iboga seeds. If they come out high, then try to extract the seeds of this plant. A normal acid/base extraction should do.
Now, it could be that tabernaemontanine, vobasine and voacangine-7-hydroxyindolenine are synergistic compounds with ibogaine... again, like peyote alkaloids.
On a personal note, I have found that plants with tough, dark-green, waxy leaves are usually pretty stubborn in extractions... even if you are extracting some other part of the plant.
Chromatography is not necessary for the home chemist to extract alkaloids. A simple acid/ base extraction will do the job. Just try to find concentration levels in various parts of the plant.
Yes, Star Jasmine contains several synergistic compounds....as for percentages of alkaloid content....this stat from Lambo Seeds the concentrations for Vocangine, an Ibogaine methyl-formate ester, in the Tabernanthe Voacanga plant.
"In Voacanga africana, the alkaloid content has been reported as 5-10% in root bark, 4-5% in trunk bark, 0.3-0.45% in leaves and 1.5% in seeds."
So, the best concentrations are in the roots and seeds for these plants and it could be the same for Star Jasmine. This plant is pretty low on the totem pole of drug awareness and it seems to be barely explored.
Hey...a little update...
via the Netherlands Ibogaine Mailing List:
"In essence, 50 kg of apparently fresh leaves and stems were extracted and purified to obtain 20 grams of a mixture of alkaloids, a major one of which was ibogaine."
"(There are) four indole alkaloids, namely ibogaine, tabernaemontanine, vobasine, and voacangine-7-hydroxyindolenine, (that) have been isolated (in Star Jasmine)."
BTW - all of those alkaloids are good stuff.