FUEL-OXODIZER MIXTURES -- (AKA: Starter Explosives)

There are nearly an infinite number of fuel-oxodizer mixtures that can be

produced by a misguided individual in his own home. Some are very effective

and dangerous, while others are safer and less effective. A list of working

fuel- oxodizer mixtures will be presented, but the exact measurements of each

compound are debatable for maximum effectiveness. A rough estimate will be

given of the percentages of each fuel and oxodizer:


oxodizer, % by weight | fuel, % by weight | speed # | notes


potassium chlorate 67% sulfur 33% 5 friction/impact

sensitive; unstable


potassium chlorate 50% sugar 35% 5 fairly slow burning;

charcoal 15% unstable


potassium chlorate 50% sulfur 25% 8 extremely

magnesium or unstable!

aluminum dust 25%


potassium chlorate 67% magnesium or 8 unstable

aluminum dust 33%


sodium nitrate 65% magnesium dust 30% ? unpredictable

sulfur 5% burn rate


potassium permanganate 60% glycerine 40% 4 delay before

ignition depends



potassium permanganate 67% sulfur 33% 5 unstable


potassium permangenate 60% sulfur 20% 5 unstable

magnesium or

aluminum dust 20%


potassium permanganate 50% sugar 50% 3 ?


potassium nitrate 75% charcoal 15% 7 this is

sulfur 10% black powder!


potassium nitrate 60% powdered iron 1 burns very hot

or magnesium 40%


potassium chlorate 75% phosphorus 8 used to make strike-

sesquisulfide 25% anywhere matches


ammonium perchlorate 70% aluminum dust 30% 6 solid fuel for

and small amount of space shuttle

iron oxide


potassium perchlorate 67% magnesium or 10 flash powder

(sodium perchlorate) aluminum dust 33%


potassium perchlorate 60% magnesium or 8 alternate

(sodium perchlorate) aluminum dust 20% flash powder

sulfur 20%


barium nitrate 30% aluminum dust 30% 9 alternate

potassium perchlorate 30% flash powder


barium peroxide 90% magnesium dust 5% 10 alternate

aluminum dust 5% flash powder


potassium perchlorate 50% sulfur 25% 8 slightly

magnesium or unstable

aluminum dust 25%


potassium chlorate 67% red phosphorus 27% 7 very unstable

calcium carbonate 3% sulfur 3% impact sensitive


potassium permanganate 50% powdered sugar 25% 7 unstable;

aluminum or ignites if

magnesium dust 25% it gets wet!


potassium chlorate 75% charcoal dust 15% 6 unstable

sulfur 10%



NOTE: Mixtures that uses substitutions of sodium perchlorate for potassium

perchlorate become moisture-absorbent and less stable.


The higher the speed number, the faster the fuel-oxodizer mixture burns

AFTER ignition. Also, as a rule, the finer the powder, the faster the rate of



As one can easily see, there is a wide variety of fuel-oxodizer mixtures

that can be made at home. By altering the amounts of fuel and oxodizer(s),

different burn rates can be achieved, but this also can change the sensitivity

of the mixture.