ANARCHY 'N' EXPLOSIVES =>VOLUME 3<= courtesy of JR


 

ANARCHY 'N' EXPLOSIVES

=====> VOLUME 3 <=====

 

This is the MOST important or one of the most important volumes regarding

the various mixtures of anarchy that I will be "publishing" to the "public".

Also, it may as well be the MOST DANGEROUS to prepare, the substance we will

be dealing with is Trinitrotoluene, or short - TNT. This high expolosive

is a VERY DANGEROUS, slightly unstable substance. The crystalized crude TNT

is about the color of brown sugar and feels greasy to the touch. It is

suitable for many uses as a high-explosive, but not for the use in high-

explosive shells. It is also highly reactive to many other chemical

substances. It can be incorporated into dynamite and many other explosives

that will be explained in further detail later, in other volumes of ANARCHY.

 

WARNING:

DO NOT ATTEMPT TO FINISH THIS PROJECT UNLESS YOU ARE FULLY CAPABLE SAFELY

EXECUTING THE PROCESSES IN A SAFE ENVIRONMENT! IF YOU CHOOSE TO CONTINUE,

READ THE INSTRUCTIONS COMPLETELY THROUGH BEFORE BEGINNING AND HAVE ALL

MATERIALS AND TOOLS (INCLUDING SAFETY/EMERGENCY EQUIPTMENT) READY FOR USE

WHEN OR IF THEY ARE NEEDED. THIS IS NOT A JOKE! USE AT YOUR OWN RISK!!!!!

 

Preparation of Trinitrotoluene (Three Stages). A mixture of 294 grams

of concentrated sulfuric acid (density 1.84) and 147 grams of nitric

acid (density 1.42) is added slowly from a dropping funnel to 100

grams of toluene in a tall 600-cc. beaker, while the liquid is stirred

vigorously with an electric stirrer and it's temperature is maintained

at 30 to 40 degrees celsius by running cold water in the vessel in

which the beaker is standing. The addition of acid will require from an

hour to an hour and a half. The stirring is then continued for half an

hour longer without cooling; the mixture is allowed to stand over night

in a separatory funnel; the lower layer of spent acid is drawn off; and

the crude mononitrotoluene is weighed. One-half of it, corresponding to

50 grams of toluene, is taken for the dinitration.

The mononitrotoluene (MNT) is dissolved in 109 grams of concentrated

sulfuric acid (d. 1.84) while the mixture is cooled in running water.

The solution in a tall beaker is warmed to 50 degrees

and a mixed acid,

composed of 54.5 grams each of nitric acid (d. 1.50) and sulfuric acid

(d. 1.84), is added slowly drop by drop from a dropping funnel while

the mixture is stirred mechanically. The heat generated by the reaction

raises the temperature, and the rate of addition of the acid is regulated

so that the temperature of the mixture lies always between 90 degrees

and 100 degrees. The addition of the acid will require about 1 hour.

After the acid has been added, the mixture is stirred for 2 hours longer

at 90-100 degrees to complete the nitration. Two layers seperate on

standing. The upper layer consists largely of dinitrotoluene (DNT), but

probobly contains a certain amount of TNT. The trinitration in the

laboratory is converniently carried out without separating the DNT from

the spent acid.

 

While the dinitration mixture is stirred actively at a temperature of

about 90 degrees, 145 grams of fuming sulfuric aced (oleum containing

15% free SO3) is added slowly by pouring from a beaker. A mixed acid,

composed of 72.5 grams each of nitric acid (d. 1.50) and the 15% oleum,

is now added drop by drop with good agitation while the heat of the

reaction maintains the temperature at 100-115 degrees. After about

three-quarters of the acid has been added, it will be found necessary

to apply external heat to maintain the temperature. After all the acid

has been added (taking 1 1/2 to 2 hours), the heating and stirring are

continued for 2 hours longer at 100-115 degrees. After the material has

stood overnight, the upper TNT layer will be found to have solidified

to a hard cake, and the lower layer of spent acid to be filled with

cdata bstals. The acid is filtered through a Buchner funnel (without filter

paper), and the cake is broken up and washed with water on the same

filter to remove excess of acid. The spent acid contains considerable

amounts of TNT in solution; this is precipitated by pouring the acid

into a large volume of water, filtered off, rinsed with water, and added

to the main batch. All the of the product is washed three or four times

by agitating it vigorously with hot water under which it is melted.

After the last washing, the TNT is granulated by allowing it to cool

slowly under hot water while the stirring is continued. The product,

filtered off and dried at ordinary room temperature, is equal to a good

commercial sample of crude TNT. It may be purified by dissolving in warm

alcohol at 60 degrees and allowing to cool slowly, or it may be purified

by digesting with 5 times its weight of 5% sodium hydrogen sulfite

solution at 90 degrees for half an hour with vigorous stirring, washing

with hot water until the washings are colorless, and finally granulating

as before. The product of this last treatment is equal to a good

commercial sample of purified TNT. Pure ALPHA-TNT, melting point 80.8

degrees, may be procured by recrystallizing this material once from

nitric acid (d. 1.42) and once from alcohol.

 

Well, that's it... AND REMEMBER MY WARNING!

 

future editions of ANARCHY 'N' EXPLOSIVES comming soon.....

(whenever I have time to type them up!)

 

 

 

by Doctor Dissector of course!

 

 

 

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