The Enterprise Mission
Hubble's New "Runaway Planet": A Unique Opportunity for Testing the Exploding
Planet Hypothesis and ... Hyperdimensional Physics Part I
By Richard C. Hoagland © 1998 The Enterprise Mission
For some time, we have been asked to provide an overview of a subject intimately
connected with -- but not dependent upon -- the confirmation of "intelligent
ruins at Cydonia," on Mars:
The arcane subject of "Hyperdimensional Physics."
Unknown to most current physicists and students of science (if not the general
media and public), the beginnings of modern physics launched over 100 years ago
by the so-called "giants" -- Helmholtz, Lord Kelvin, Faraday, Maxwell and many
others -- laid a full and rich tradition in this currently little-known field:
the open, heatedly debated scientific and philosophical premise that
three-dimensional reality is only a subset of a series of higher, hyperspatial,
additional dimensions, which control not only the physics of our very existence,
from stars to galaxies to life itself ... but potentially, through time-variable
changes in its foundations--
Dramatic coming changes in our lives.
This bold theoretical and experimental era, at the very dawn of science as we
know it, came to an abrupt end at the close of the 19th Century. That was when
our currently accepted (and very different) view of "physics" -- everything from
the "Big Bang" Expanding Universe Cosmology, to Relativistic limitations imposed
by "flat" space and non-simultaneous time, complicated by a non-intuitive
"Quantum Mechanics" of suddenly uncertain atomic "realities" -- all took a very
different turn ... from where they had been headed. Imagine our surprise, when --
as part of our Enterprise Mission effort to verify the existence of
intelligently-created ruins at "Cydonia" -- we suddenly realized we might have
stumbled across the geometry of this same 19th Century, pre-Relativity
"hyperdimensional physics"--
But encoded on a completely separate world!
Even more startling: this "lost science" was -- somehow --geometrically
memorialized on the same planet ... the planet Mars ... that may have seen its
"end" as a direct result of this same physics ...
According to the former Chief of the Celestial Mechanics Branch of the U.S. Naval
Observatory, astronomer Thomas Van Flandern, Mars may once having been the
satellite of a former major 10th planet of the solar system, that once orbited
between current Jupiter and Mars. Sixty-five million years ago, for some
currently unknown reason (according to Van Flandern's 25-year-old theory ) --
that planet suddenly exploded--
Releasing Mars into its currently "anomalously elliptical" orbit of the Sun ...
With NASA's recent announcement of the potential discovery of the first
"extrasolar, Jovian-class planet" physically detected beyond the confines of our
solar system, the timing seemed particularly appropriate to update our original
description of "hyperdimensional physics" at the United Nations, in 1992. And to
call for some unique tests of this hypothesis, now that extensive new NASA
observations of "the planet" are being planned for the next few months.
It is particularly ironic that these same tests could also provide striking new
evidence supporting Van Flandern's 25 year-old "exploding planet hypothesis" ...
On May 28, 1998, NASA held the latest in a recent series of unprecedented news
conferences in Washington D.C.; the announcement of the first direct detection
(as opposed to inferences deduced from "stellar wobbles") of a possible planet
located beyond our local solar system. The discoverer -- Dr. Susan Terebey,
founder of the "Extrasolar Research Corporation" -- serendipitiously located the
potential planet while using the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and the
newly-installed "NICMOS" Camera last year to study newly-forming stars.
Officially termed "TMR-1C," at the announcement NASA press conference Dr. Terebey
described her at first slow realization of the uniqueness and potential
importance of this "find"; ultimately her attention was drawn to a mere "pinprick
of infrared light" in close association (on the Hubble "NICMOS" image -- ) with
two much brighter stars. Immersed in a dense cloud of interstellar dust, this
faint, solitary object -- the only other IR source (besides the stars themselves)
visible against the dust -- was strategically located at the precise end of a
long, slender filament of light. Terebey discovered, upon preliminary
measurement, that this "filament" extended over a 100 billion miles ... directly
connecting the "pinprick" with the twin, newborn parent suns.
Several months into her analysis, Terebey reached the tentative conclusion that
this tiny "IR speck" was most likely the first Hubble image (if not any image!)
of a newborn, runaway giant planet -- "recently" ejected from a prior orbit of
the nearby stars themselves. From the faint infrared luminosity of this isolated
object and contemporary models of planetary formation, Terebey estimated that its
mass has to be only "2 to 3 times Jupiter's." The "filament," she theorized, is
most likely a "tunnel" literally bored through the dense cloud of surrounding gas
and dust by the passage of the ejected planet itself -- a tunnel that, acting
like a "lightpipe," is scattering infrared energy down its entire 130
billion-mile length from the nearby stars themselves.
Because Taurus (the celestial region in which these remarkable objects are
located) is now behind the Sun as seen from Earth, it will be several months
before Hubble can be used to acquire additional data on the "planet." There are
also plans to enlist major ground-based telescopes in this campaign. What is
critically needed is spectrascopic data on this object; if it is not merely a
misidentified small star (such as a red dwarf, drastically dimmed by the copious
dust still swirling in the vicinity of the nearby brighter stars), but is in fact
a cooling planet, this will be instantly apparent from its spectrum.
Which brings us to the unique hyperdimensional possibilities this discovery has
now presented.
Astrophysical discovery of "glowing planets" -- planetary bodies which shine in
the infrared via internal energy sources, not just by reflected light -- stems
from completely unexpected ground-based telescopic observations of this solar
system, beginning in the mid-1960's: the startling detection of "anomalous
internal infrared radiation" coming from the planet Jupiter. Later Pioneer and
Voyager insitu spacecraft observations across the 70s and 80s added the other
"giant planets," Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, to the list of solar system worlds
that -- somehow, without internal nuclear fusion processes, like stars -- still
manage to radiate more energy out into space than they receive directly from the
Sun.
After much initial debate, the conventional understanding of these anomalous
"infrared excesses" eventually settled on three possible internal sources: 1)
left-over "primordial heat" from the literal formation of the planet; 2) heating
caused by eventual internal separation of light elements in so-called "gas giant"
planets (helium from hydrogen), releasing potential energy as the helium falls
further toward the center of the planet (a form of ultra-slow, "continued
gravitational contraction"); and 3), anomalous energy release due to excess
radioactive decay of heavy element concentrations located within gas giant rocky
cores.
Of the three current explanations for these "energy anomalies," only the first
applies to Jupiter ... because of its mass -- 318 times the Earth's; a planet of
that minimum mass is required (in the model) if it's to retain significant
thermal energy across the immense lifetime of the solar system ... almost 5
billion years since the planet's formation ... and still be able to radiate
observable heat. And, as can be seen from this diagram, the current ratio of
absorbed solar energy to emitted 5-billion-year-old internal Jovian energy is
still almost two to one!
After the Voyager fly-bys of the 1980's, the second "internal heat" proposal --
the "helium drip model" -- was favored for the observed heat excess in the Saturn
situation. But, because of their relatively light masses (less than 30 times the
Earth's), only the third possibility -- massive internal radioactive decay -- has
been seriously attempted as an explanation for Uranus' and Neptune's more
puzzling "anomalous infrared emissions."
There are, however, serious problems with all of these "conventional"
explanations -- particularly after these spacecraft flybys, for all planets less
massive than Jupiter.
For instance, during the Voyager encounters of Uranus and Neptune, spacecraft
instruments detected a barely measurable (but significant) "infrared excess" (as
opposed to merely infrared re-emission of absorbed solar energy) for Uranus of
about "1 to 1.14"; whereas for Neptune (essentially its planetary "twin") the
ratio of internal heat to intercepted sunlight was a striking "three to one!"
However, simultaneous "doppler tracking" gravity measurements conducted during
the fly-bys (looking for anomalous trajectory changes to the spacecraft motion,
caused by gravitational effects from increased percentages of heavy radioactive
elements in the cores of Uranus and Neptune) detected no anomalous central
concentrations in either planet ... necessary, if the excess observed IR
radiation is in fact caused by "excessive internal radioactive element
concentrations."
Even more perplexing, Uranus has a pronounced axial tilt ("obliquity" is the
technical term) compared to all the other planets of the solar system -- some 98
degrees to the plane of its orbit of the Sun; Neptune's is much more "normal":
about 30 degrees. [For comparison, Earth's obliquity is about 23.5 degrees]. One
recently proposed alternative to the "internal radioactivity model" is "the
recent collision model": that Uranus -- somehow, long after its formation --
suffered a massive impact with another major object, perhaps an errant moon ...
This, according to the theorists, in addition to accounting for the current
"tipped over situation" of the planet, would have also added a significant amount
of geologically "recent" internal energy to Uranus, driving up internal
temperatures by equivalent amounts. This model argues that these resulting
elevated temperatures in Uranus, derived from a massive "cosmic collision," could
thus account for Uranus' current "infrared excess," as observed by Voyager in
1986.
There is only one problem with these ideas: the "excess radioactivity theory,"
and the "cosmic collision model" are both apparently dead wrong.
Uranus, with no apparent core concentration of "heavy radioactive elements" (so
said Voyager), yet the one solar system planet with an axial "tilt" consistent
with a major interplanetary collision -- is barely radiating "over unity" at its
distance from the Sun ("over unity"= more energy coming out than is going in);
Neptune -- essentially Uranus' twin -- by striking contrast, and with a perfectly
"normal" obliquity, is radiating almost three times more energy "out" than it's
getting from the Sun. When these two planets are "normalized" (i.e., when their
differing distances from the Sun are taken into account), their absolute internal
"over unity" energy emissions, in fact, are just about the same.
So, based on these "local" solar system observations, there's apparently
something drastically wrong with current astrophysical theories relating to
"anomalous internal planetary energy resources" ... the same theories that Dr.
Susan Terebey and NASA are now relying on to tell them (and us) both the age and
mass of her newly-discovered "runaway planet."
Enter Hyperdimensional Physics.
The cornerstone of the hyperdimensional model (as applied to the problem of
"unexplained" astrophysical energy sources) is that historically, there is a
perfectly natural explanation for such "anomalous energy" appearing in celestial
bodies ... which, unfortunately, hasn't been seriously considered by Science for
over 100 years:
The existence of unseen hyperspatial realities ... that, through information
transfer between dimensions, are the literal "foundation substrate" maintaining
the reality of everything in this dimension.
The mathematical and physical parameters required for such "information/energy
gating" into this spatial dimension from potential "n-dimensions" were primarily
founded in the pioneering work of several 19th Century founders of modern
mathematics and physics: among these, German mathematician Georg Riemann;
Scottish physicist Sir William Thompson (who would eventually be Knighted by the
British Crown as "Baron Kelvin of Largs" for his scientific and technological
contributions); Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell; and British mathematician
Sir William Rowan Hamilton.
In 1867 Thompson, following decades of inquiry into the fundamental properties of
both matter and the space between, proposed a radical new explanation for the
most fundamental properties of solid objects -- the existence of "the vortex
atom." This was in direct contradiction to then prevailing 19th Century theories
of matter, in which atoms were still viewed as infinitesimal "small, hard bodies
[as] imagined by [the Roman poet] Lucretius, and endorsed by Newton ..."
Thompson's "vortex atoms" were envisioned, instead, as tiny, self-sustaining
"whirlpools" in the so-called "aether" -- which Thompson and his 19th Century
contemporaries increasingly believed extended throughout the Universe as an
all-pervasive, incompressible fluid.
Even as Thompson published his revolutionary model for the atom, Maxwell,
building on Thompson's earlier explorations of the underlying properties of this
"aetheric fluid," was well on the way to devising a highly successful
"mechanical" vortex model of the "incompressible aether" itself, in which
Thompson's vortex atom could live -- a model derived in part from the
laboratory-observed elastic and dynamical properties of solids. Ultimately, in
1873, he would succeed in uniting a couple hundred years of electrical and
magnetic scientific observations into a comprehensive, overarching
electromagnetic theory of light vibrations ... carried across space by this
"incompressible and highly stressed universal aetheric fluid ..."
Maxwell's mathematical basis for his triumphant unification of these two great
mystery forces of 19th Century physics were "quaternions" -- a term invented
(adopted would be a more precise description) in the 1840s by mathematician Sir
William Rowan Hamilton, for "an ordered pair of complex numbers" (quaternion =
four). Complex numbers themselves, according to Hamilton's clarifications of
long-mysterious terms such as "imaginary" and "real" numbers utilized in earlier
definitions, were nothing more than "pairs of real numbers which are added or
multiplied according to certain formal rules." In 1897, A.S. Hathaway formally
extended Hamilton's ideas regarding quaternions as "sets of four real numbers" to
the idea of four spatial dimensions, in a paper entitled "Quaternions as numbers
of four-dimensional space," published in the Bulletin of the American
Mathematical Society [4 (1887), 54-7].
It is obvious from Maxwell's own writings that, even before Hathaway's
formalization, his choice of quaternions as mathematical operators for his
electromagnetic theory was based on his belief that three-dimensional physical
phenomena (including even perhaps the basis of human consciousness itself) are
dependent upon higher dimensional realities. For, in honor of another great
mathematician of the time, multi-dimensional geometer Arthur Cayley, Maxwell
wrote ...
"Oh WRETCHED race of men, to space confined! What honour can ye pay to him, whose
mind To that which lies beyond hath penetrated? The symbols he hath formed shall
sound his praise, And lead him on through unimagined ways To conquests new, in
worlds not yet created.
First, ye Determinants! In ordered row And massive column ranged, before him go,
To form a phalanx for his safe protection. Ye powers of the nth roots of - 1!
Around his head in ceaseless* cycles run, As unembodied spirits of direction.
And you, ye undevelopable scrolls! Above the host wave your emblazoned rolls,
Ruled for the record of his bright inventions. Ye cubic surfaces! By threes and
nines Draw round his camp your seven-and-twenty lines- The seal of Solomon in
three dimensions.
March on, symbolic host! With step sublime, Up to the flaming bounds of Space and
Time! There pause, until by Dickenson depicted, In two dimensions, we the form
may trace Of him whose soul, too large for vulgar space, In n dimensions
flourished unrestricted."
-- James Clerk Maxwell To the Committee of the Cayley Portrait Fund -- 1887
Confirmation that Maxwell's "hyper-dimensional" inquiries extended far beyond
"mere" physical interactions can be seen from another of his "unknown" poems ...
"My soul is an entangled knot, Upon a liquid vortex wrought By Intellect in the
Unseen residing. And thine doth like a convict sit,
With marlinspike untwisting it, Only to find its knottiness abiding; Since all
the tool for its untying In four-dimensional space are lying."
In another work ("The Aether," 1876), Maxwell underscored the "ultimate"
significance of these inquiries ...
"Whether this vast homogeneous expanse of isotropic matter [the aether] is fitted
not only to be a medium of physical Interaction between distant bodies, and to
fulfill other physical functions of which, perhaps we have as yet no conception,
but also as the authors of The Unseen Universe seem to suggest, to constitute the
material organism of beings excercising functions of life and mind as high or
higher than ours are at resent, is a question far transcending the limits of
physical speculation ..."
This startling connection -- between Maxwell's demonstrably deep interest in
questions "hyperdimensional," including his direct homage to one of his
scientific mentors', Arthur Cayley's hyperdimensional geometry (the "27 lines on
the general cubic surface" problem -- see diagram, right); and our rediscovery
over a century later of that same geometry ... at a place called "Cydonia" ... on
Mars -- is nothing short of astonishing. But, if you doubt such a compelling
connection, just reread those key lines--
"...Ye cubic surfaces! By threes and nines, Draw round his camp your
seven-and-twenty lines- The seal of Solomon in three dimensions [emphasis added]
.."
Which, of course, are nothing less than the geometrical and mathematical
underpinnings of the infamous "circumscribed tetrahedral latitude" memoralized
all over Cydonia ... 19.5 degrees, the identical, hyper-dimensional quaternion
geometry whose physical effects (see below) we have now rediscovered all across
the solar system ... and beyond!
In a tragedy for science (if not for society in general) whose outlines we are
only now beginning to appreciate, after Maxwell's death, two other 19th Century
"mathematical physicists" -- Oliver Heaviside and William Gibbs -- "streamlined"
Maxwell's original equations down to four simple (if woefully incomplete!)
expressions. Because Heaviside openly felt the quaternions were "an abomination"
-- never fully understanding the linkage between the critical scalar and vector
components in Maxwell's use of them to describe the potentials of empty space
("apples and oranges," he termed them) -- he eliminated over 200 quaternions from
Maxwell's original theory in his attempted "simplification."
[Oliver Heaviside, described by Scientific American (Sept. 1950) as "self-taught
and ... never connected with any university ... had [however] a remarkable and
inexplicable ability (which was possessed also by Newton and Laplace ...) to
arrive at mathematical results of considerable complexity without going through
any conscious process of proof ..." According to other observers, Heaviside
actually felt that Maxwell's use of quaternions and their description of the
"potentials" of space was "... mystical, and should be murdered from the theory
..." which -- by drastically editing Maxwell's original work after the latter's
untimely death (from cancer), excising the scalar component of the quaternions
and eliminating the hyperspatial characteristics of the directional (vector)
components -- Oliver Heaviside effectively accomplished singlehanded.]
This means, of course, that the four surviving "classic" Maxwell's Equations --
which appear in every electrical and physics text the world over, as the
underpinnings of all 20th Century electrical and electromagnetic engineering,
from radio to radar, from television to computer science, if not inclusive of
every "hard" science from physics to chemistry to astrophysics that deals with
electromagnetic radiative processes -- never appeared in any original Maxwell'
paper or treatise! They are, in fact--
"Heaviside's equations!"
Lest anyone doubt this is the case, they merely have to read a highly revealing
paper on the subject by another renowned British mathematical physicist of this
century, Sir Edmund Whittaker, titled simply "Oliver Heaviside" (Bulletin of the
Calcutta Mathematical Society, Vol. 20, 1928-29, p.202); or, another overview of
Heaviside by Paul J. Nahin, "Oliver Heaviside: Sage in Solitude" (IEEE Press, New
York, 1988, p.9, note 3.).
The end result was that physics lost its promising theoretical beginnings to
becoming truly "hyperdimensional" physics ... over a century ago ... and all that
that implies.
Georg Bernard Riemann mathematically initiated the 19th Century scientific
community (if not the rest of Victorian society) into the "unsettling" idea of
"hyperspace," on June 10, 1854. In a seminal presentation made at the University
of Gottinggen in Germany, Riemann put forth the first mathematical description of
the possibility of "higher, unseen dimensions ..." under the deceptively simple
title: "On the Hypotheses Which Lie at the Foundation of Geometry."
Reimann's paper was a fundamental assault on the 2000-year old assumptions of
"Euclidian Geometry" -- the ordered, rectilinear laws of "ordinary" three
dimensional reality. In its place, Reimann proposed a four-dimensional reality
(of which our 3-D reality was merely a "subset"), in which the geometric rules
were radically different, but also internally self-consistent. Even more radical:
Reimann proposed that the basic laws of nature in 3-space, the three mysterious
forces then known to physics -- electrostatics, magnetism and gravity -- were all
fundamentally united in 4-space, and merely "looked different" because of the
resulting "crumpled geometry" of our three-dimensional reality ...
In terms of actual physics, Reimann was suggesting something clearly
revolutionary: a major break with Newton's "force creates action-at-a-distance"
theories of the time, which had been proposed to explain the "magical" properties
of magnetic and electrical attraction and repulsion, gravitationally-curved
motions of planets ... and falling apples, for over 200 years; in place of
Newton, Reimann was proposing that such "apparent forces'" are a direct result of
objects moving through 3-space "geometry" ... distorted by the intruding geometry
of "4-space!"
It is clear that Maxwell and other "giants" of 19th Century physics (Kelvin, for
one), as well as an entire contemporary generation of 19th Century mathematicians
(like Cayle, Tait, etc.) , took Reimann's ideas very much to heart; Maxwell's
original selection of 4-space quaternions as the mathematical operators for his
force equations and descriptions of electrical and magnetic interaction, clearly
demonstrate his belief in Reimann's approach; and, his surprising literary
excursions into poetry -- vividly extolling the implications of
"higher-dimensional realities" ... including musings on their relationship to the
ultimate origin of the human soul (above) -- emphatically confirm this outlook.
So, how can modern "hyperdimensional physicists" -- like Michio Kaku, at City
College of the City University of New York -- representative of an entirely new
generation of physical scientists now reexamining these century-old implications
of "hyperspatial geometries" for generating the basic laws of Reality itself,
almost casually claim:
"... In retrospect, Reimann's famous lecture was popularized to a wide audience
via mystics, philosophers and artists, but did little to further our
understanding of nature ... First, there was no attempt to use hyperspace to
simplify the laws of nature. Without Reimann's original guiding principle -- that
the laws of nature become simple in higher dimensions -- scientists during this
period were groping in the dark. Reimann's seminal idea of using geometry -- that
is, crumpled hyperspace -- to explain the essence of a a force' was forgotten
during those years ... The mathematical apparatus developed by Reimann became a
province of pure mathematics, contrary to Reimann's original intentions. Without
field theory, you cannot make any predictions with hyperspace [emphasis
added]..."
-- M. Kaku, "Hyperspace" [ Doubleday (Anchor Books): New York, 1994]
Kaku's statement belies the entire "modern" outlook on 19th Century physics, and
leaves the distinct impression of an apparently unconscious "bias" similar to
Heaviside's, regarding Maxwell's actual treatment of such matters; certainly, in
completely ignoring Maxwell's true discussion of the importance of the underlying
four-dimensional "scalar potentials" for creating such "fields." And remember:
Heaviside also thought of such "potentials" as ... "mystical ..."
The use of little-known Hamiltonian 4-space quaternions, to represent the effect
of "scalar potentials" on electric charges (as opposed to Heaviside's vectorial
descriptions of direct "electric force fields") obviously have led to great
confusion; because ... Maxwell's "scalar potentials" are, of course, nothing
short of exactly what Reimann initially proposed--
Quantifiable "geometric spatial distortions" ... the exact marriage of
hyperspatial geometry and field theory that Kaku and others mistakenly believe
(because they're basing their analysis on Heaviside's surviving vectorial version
of Maxwell's original "Equations") is totally missing from this greatest
achievement of 19th Century physics!
The major source of confusion surrounding Maxwell's actual Theory, versus what
Heaviside reduced it to, is its math -- a notation system perhaps best described
by H.J. Josephs ("The Heaviside Papers found at Paignton in 1957,"
Electromagnetic Theory by Oliver Heaviside, Including an account of Heaviside's
unpublished notes for a fourth volume, and with a forward by Sir Edmund
Whittaker, Vol. III, Third Edition, Chelsea Publishing Co., New York, 1971).
According to Josephs:
"Hamilton's algebra of quaternions, unlike Heaviside's algebra of vectors, is not
a mere abbreviated mode of expressing Cartesian analysis, but is an independent
branch of mathematics with its own rules of operation and its own special
theorems. A quaternion is, in fact, a generalized or hypercomplex number ...
[emphasis added]"
And, you will remember, in 1897 Hathaway published a paper specifically
identifying these hypercomplex numbers as "... numbers in four-dimensional space"
(above). Thus, modern physics' apparent ignorance of Maxwell's 19th Century
success -- a mathematically-based, four-dimensional "field-theory" -- would seem
to originate from a basic lack of knowledge of the true nature of Hamilton's
quaternion algebra itself!
[Apparently, unless a "hyperdimensional theory" is narrowly expressed in terms of
a separate technique Reimann himself invented for his own N-dimensional mapping
-- the so-called "metric tensor" -- modern physicists don't seem to be able to
recognize it as a valid higher-dimensional model ... not even when it was written
in its own, specifically-designed, four-dimensional mathematical notation!
(Reimann's "metric tensor," BTW, is essentially a graphical checkerboard
composed, for a 4-space description, of 16 numbers defining, for instance, field
strength at each point in that four-dimensional space. It is NOT written in
quaternions.)
And, unless you track down an original 1873 copy of Maxwell's "Treatise," there
is no easy way to verify the existence of Maxwell's "hyperdimensional" quaternion
notation; for, by 1892, the Third Edition incorporated a "correction" to
Maxwell's original use of "scalar potentials" (contributed by George Francis
Fitzgerald -- whom Heaviside heavily admired) -- thus removing a crucial
distinction between 4-space "geometric potential," and a 3-space "vector field,"
from all subsequent "Maxwellian theory." Which is why Kaku apparently doesn't
realize that Maxwell's original equations were, in fact, the first geometric
4-space field theory ... expressed in specific 4-space terms ... the language of
quaternions!
Just another measure of Heaviside's effectiveness ...]
One of the difficulties of proposing a "higher dimension" is that, inevitably,
people (and scientists are people!), will ask: "Ok, where is it? Where is the
fourth dimension' ..?"
One of the most persistent objections to the 4-space geometries of Reimann,
Cayley, Tait ... and Maxwell, was that no experimental proof of a "fourth
dimension" was readily apparent; one of the more easily understandable aspects of
"higher dimensionality" was that, a being from a "lower dimension" (a
two-dimensional "Flatlander," for instance) entering our "higher"
three-dimensional reality, would appear to vanish instantly from the
lower-dimensional world (and, consequently, appear just as suddenly in the higher
dimension -- but geometrically distorted.) When she returned to her own
dimension, she would just as "magically" reappear ...
Unfortunately (or fortunately, depending on your perspective ...) to the
scientific mind, people in our dimension don't just "turn a corner one day ...
and promptly vanish into Reimann's fourth dimension.'" While mathematically
derivable and beautifully consistent, to "experimentalists" (and all real science
ultimately has to be based on verifiable, independently repeatable experiments)
there seemed no testable, physical proof of "hyperdimensional physics."
Thus "hyperspace"-- as a potential solution to unifying the major laws of physics
-- after Maxwell's death, and the major rewriting of his Theory, quietly
disappeared ... not to resurface for almost half a century ...
Until April of 1919.
At that time, a remarkable letter was delivered to one "Albert Einstein." Written
by an obscure mathematician at the University of Konigsberg in Germany, Theodr
Kaluza, the letter's first few lines offered a startling solution (at least, to
Einstein -- unknowing of Maxwell's original quaternion equations) to one of
physics' still most intractable problems: the mathematical unification of his own
theory of gravity with Maxwell's theory of electromagnetic radiation ... via
introduction of a fifth dimension. (Because Einstein, in formulating the General
and Special Theory of Relativity in the intervening years since Reimann, had
already appropriated time as the "fourth dimension," Kaluza was forced to specify
his additional spatial dimension as "the fifth." In fact, this was the same
spatial dimension as the 4-space designations used by Maxwell and his colleagues
in their models ... over 50 years before.)
Despite its stunning (Einstein mulled over the paper's implications for more than
two years, before finally supporting its scientific publication) mathematical
success, in apparently -- finally -- uniting "gravity" and "light," the same
question, "OK, where is it?" was asked of Kaluza as had been asked of Reimann,
over 60 years before; because, there was no overt experimental proof (for
instance, people and things up and "disappearing") of the physical existence of
another spatial dimension. To which Kaluza this time had a very clever answer: he
proposed that this "fourth dimension" -- unlike the other three we are familiar
with -- somehow had collapsed down to a tiny circle ... "smaller than the
smallest atom ..."
In 1926, another essentially unknown mathematician, Oskar Klein, was
investigating the peculiar implications of Kaluza's ideas in the context of the
newly-invented atomic theory of "quantum mechanics." [Klein was a specialist in
the truly arcane field of mathematical topology -- the higher dimensional
surfaces of objects; the twisted 3-D topology of the 2-D surface of a "Klein
Bottle" is named specifically in his honor]. Quantum mechanics had just been
proposed a year or so before Klein's further topological investigation of
Kaluza's ideas, by Max Planck and many others rebelling against perceived
limitations of Maxwell's (remember, heavily sanitized by Gibbs and Heaviside)
classical Electromagnetic Theory. The "quantum mechanics " theory would
eventually become a highly successful (if bizarre, by common-sense standards)
non-geometric effort to describe interactions between "fundamental particles,"
exchanging "forces" through discrete "quantitized" particles and energy in the
sub-atomic world. Eventually, combining the two inquiries, Klein theorized that,
if it truly existed, Kaluza's new dimension likely had somehow collapsed down to
the "Planck length" itself -- supposedly the smallest possible size allowed by
these fundamental interactions. However, that size was only about ... 10-33 cm
long!
Thus, the main obstacle to experimental verification of the Kaluza-Klein Theory
(and the reason why people simply didn't "walk into the fourth dimension"), was
that quantum mechanics calculations affirmed that the only way to physically
probe such an infinitesimally tiny dimension was with a new machine ... an "atom
smasher." There was only one small "technical" problem ...
The energy required would exceed the output of all the power plants on Earth ...
and then some!
Thus, the brief "blip" of new interest in "hyperdimensional physics" -- the
discussions of Kaluza-Klein among physicists and topologists -- "dropped through
the floor" by the 1930's. This occurred both because of Klein's "proof" of the
apparent impossibility of any direct experimental verification of additional
dimensions ... and because of the dramatic revolution then sweeping the
increasingly technological world of Big Science--
The flood of "verifications"gushing forth from atom smashers all around the
world, feverishly engaged in probing the new area the experimentalists apparently
could verify: the multiplying populations of "fundamental particles"spawned by
the bizarre mathematical world (even more bizarre than "N-dimensions") of Quantum
Mechanics.
30 more years would pass ... before (almost by mathematical "accident") in 1968,
the current mainstream "flap" of renewed scientific interest in "hyperspace"
would be, like the legendary Phoenix, "magically" reborn -- a theory now known as
"Superstrings" ... in which fundamental particles, and "fields," are viewed as
hyperspace vibrations of infinitesimal, multi-dimensional strings ... From those
relatively inauspicious beginnings, stretching across more than 60 years, the
current focus of scientific research papers on "hyperspace" -- from continued
research into updated versions of the old "Kaluza-Klein Theory"; to discussions
of the much newer "Supergravity" hyperspace unification model; to the exotic
"String Theory" itself -- has grown geometrically (over 5000 papers by 1994
alone, according to Michio Kaku -- see above). This much attention to a subject
involving realities you can't even see, represents nothing short of a fundamental
psychological revolution sweeping across a major segment of the worldwide
scientific community.
For most physicists currently interested in the problem, the "Superstring"
hyper-dimensional model has overwhelming advantages over all its predecessors.
Besides effectively unifying all the known forces of the Universe ... from
electromagnetism to the nuclear force ... in a literally beautiful
"ultimate"picture of Reality, it also makes a specific prediction about the total
number of N-dimensions that can form:
"Ten" (or "26," depending on the rotation of the "strings").
The bad news is: they can't be tested either ...
As all ten dimensions are curled up (in the model) inside the same experimentally
unreachable "Planck length" which spelled the scientific demise of the original
Kaluza-Klein ...
Impasse.
This, then is the current situation.
The "hottest" mainstream scientific theory to come along in more than half a
century, the next best thing to a "Theory of Everything" (and seriously
attempting to become precisely that ...), is not only a Hyperdimensional Model of
Reality ... it is another one which, by its fundamental nature--
Can't scientifically be tested!
While a "hyperdimensional model" which can be tested easily -- as this paper will
unequivocally show -- for over a 100 years has been systematically ignored.
Is it just us ... or is there something truly wrong with this picture?
Click for Part II
[Acknowledgments: the author wishes to extend deep appreciation to Lt. Col. T.E.
Bearden (U.S. Army, Ret.) for his many years of historical research and technical
analysis, which have made key aspects of this proposal possible; to Marianne
Shenefield for her long collaboration in exploring practical applications of
James Clerk Maxwell's pioneering interest in "hyperdimensional consciousness";
and to Rhonda Eklund -- for rediscovering Maxwell's original "hyperdimensional
poetry."]
The Enterprise Mission
Hubble's New "Runaway Planet": A Unique Opportunity for Testing the Exploding
Planet Hypothesis and ... Hyperdimensional Physics Part II
By Richard C. Hoagland © 1998 The Enterprise Mission
Lt. Col Thomas E. Bearden, retired army officer and physicist, has been perhaps
the most vocal recent proponent for restoring integrity to the scientific and
historical record regarding James Clerk Maxwell -- by widely promulgating his
original equations; in a series of meticulously documented papers on the subject,
going back at least 20 years, Bearden has carried on a relentless one-man
research effort regarding what Maxwell really claimed. His painstaking, literally
thousands of man-hours of original source documentation has led directly to the
following, startling conclusion:
Maxwell's original theory is, in fact, the true, so-called "Holy Grail" of
physics ... the first successful unified field theory in the history of Science
... a fact apparently completely unknown to the current proponents of
"Kaluza-Klein," "Supergravity," and "Superstring" ideas ....
Just how successful, Bearden documents below:
" ... In discarding the scalar component of the quaternion, Heaviside and Gibbs
unwittingly discarded the unified EM/G [electromagnetic/ gravitational] portion
of Maxwell's theory that arises when the translation/directional components of
two interacting quaternions reduce to zero, but the scalar resultant remains and
infolds a deterministic, dynamic structure that is a function of oppositive
directional/translational components. In the infolding of EM energy inside a
scalar potential, a structured scalar potential results, almost precisely as
later shown by Whittaker but unnoticed by the scientific community. The simple
vector equations produced by Heaviside and Gibbs captured only that subset of
Maxwell's theory where EM and gravitation are mutually exclusive. In that subset,
electromagnetic circuits and equipment will not ever, and cannot ever, produce
gravitational or inertial effects in materials and equipment.
"Brutally, not a single one of those Heaviside/ Gibbs equations ever appeared in
a paper or book by James Clerk Maxwell, even though the severely restricted
Heaviside/Gibbs interpretation is universally and erroneously taught in all
Western universities as Maxwell's theory.
"As a result of this artificial restriction of Maxwell's theory, Einstein also
inadvertently restricted his theory of general relativity, forever preventing the
unification of electromagnetics and relativity. He also essentially prevented the
present restricted general relativity from ever becoming an experimental,
engineerable science on the laboratory bench, since a hidden internalized
electromagnetics causing a deterministically structured local spacetime curvature
was excluded.
"Quantum mechanics used only the Heaviside/ Gibbs externalized electromagnetics
and completely missed Maxwell's internalized and ordered electromagnetics
enfolded inside a structured scalar potential. Accordingly, QM [quantum
mechanics] maintained its Gibbs statistics of quantum change, which is nonchaotic
a priori. Quantum physicists by and large excluded Bohm's hidden variable theory,
which conceivably could have offered the potential of engineering quantum change
-- engineering physical reality itself.
"Each of these major scientific disciplines missed and excluded a subset of their
disciplinary area, because they did not have the scalar component of the
quaternion to incorporate. Further, they completely missed the significance of
the Whittaker approach, which already shows how to apply and engineer the very
subsets they had excluded.
"What now exists in these areas are three separate, inconsistent disciplines.
Each of them unwittingly excluded a vital part of its discipline, which was the
unified field part. Ironically, then, present physicists continue to exert great
effort to find the missing key to unification of the three disciplines, but find
it hopeless, because these special subsets are already contradictory to one
another, as is quite well-known to foundations physicists.
"Obviously, if one wishes to unify physics, one must add back the unintentionally
excluded, unifying subsets to each discipline. Interestingly, all three needed
subsets turn out to be one and the same ..."
-- T.E. Bearden, "Possible Whittaker Unification of Electromagnetics, General
Relativity, and Quantum Mechanics," (Association of Distinguished American
Scientists 2311 Big Cove Road, Huntsville, Alabama, 35801)
Given Bearden's analysis -- what did we actually lose ... when science
"inadvertently lost Maxwell ..?"
If two key physics papers often cited by Bearden (which appeared decades after
the death of Maxwell), are accurate ... we lost nothing less than--
The "electrogravitic" control of gravity itself!!
The critically-important research cited by Bearden was originally published by
"Sir Edmund Whittaker" (the same cited earlier in this paper), beginning in 1903.
The first was titled "On the partial differential equations of mathematical
physics" (Mathematische Annalen, Vol. 57, 1903, p.333-335); the second, "On an
Expression of the Electromagnetic Field due to Electrons by means of two Scalar
Potential Functions" (Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society, Vol.1,
1904, p. 367-372).
Whittaker, a leading world-class physicist himself, single-handedly rediscovered
the "missing" scalar components of Maxwell's original quaternions, extending
their (at the time) unseen implications for finally uniting "gravity" with the
more obvious electrical and magnetic components known as "light." In the first
paper, as Bearden described, Whittaker theoretically explored the existence of a
"hidden" set of electromagnetic waves traveling in two simultaneous directions in
the scalar potential of the vacuum -- demonstrating how to use them to curve the
local and/or distant "spacetime" with electromagnetic radiation, in a manner
directly analogous to Einstein's later "mass-curves-space" equations. This key
Whittaker paper thus lays the direct mathematical foundation for an
electrogravitic theory/technology of gravity control. In the second paper,
Whittaker demonstrated how two "Maxwellian scalar potentials of the vacuum" --
gravitationally curving spacetime -- could be turned back into a detectable
"ordinary" electromagnetic field by two interfering "scalar EM waves"... even at
a distance.
Whittaker accomplished this by demonstrating mathematically that "the field of
force due to a gravitating body can be analyzed, by a spectrum analysis' as it
were, into an infinite number of constituent fields; and although the whole field
of force does not vary with time, yet each of the constituent fields is an
undulatory character, consisting of a simple-disturbance propagated with uniform
velocity ... [and] the waves will be longitudinal (top) ... These results
assimilate the propagation of gravity to that of light ... [and] would require
that gravity be propagated with a finite velocity, which however need not be the
same as that of light [emphasis added], and may be enormously greater ..." (Op.
Cit., "On the partial differential equations of mathematical physics")
Remarkably, four years before Whittaker's theoretical analysis of these
potentials (pun intended ...), on the evening of July 3-4, 1899, Nikola Tesla
(right) -- the literal inventor of modern civilization (via the now worldwide
technology of "alternating current") -- experimentally anticipated "Whittaker's
interfering scalar waves" by finding them in nature; from massive experimental
radio transmitters he had built on a mountain top in Colorado, he was
broadcasting and receiving (by his own assertion) "longitudinal stresses" (as
opposed to conventional EM "transverse waves") through the vacuum. This he was
accomplishing with his own, hand-engineered equipment (produced according to
Maxwell's original, quaternion equations), when he detected an interference
"return" from a passing line of thunderstorms. Tesla termed the phenomenon a
"standing columnar wave," and tracked it electromagnetically for hours as the
cold front moved across the West (Nikola Tesla, Colorado Springs Notes 1899-1900,
Nolit, Beograd, Yugoslavia, 1978 pp. 61-62).
[Many have since speculated that Tesla's many other astonishing (to the period)
technological accomplishments, many of which apparently "were lost" with his
death in 1942, were based on this true understanding of Maxwell's original,
"hyperdimensional" electromagnetic ideas ...]
Tesla's experimental earlier detection notwithstanding, what Whittaker
theoretically demonstrated years after Tesla was that future electrical engineers
could also take Maxwell's original 4-space, quaternion description of
electromagnetic waves (the real "Maxwell's Equations"), add his own (Whittaker's)
specific gravitational potential analysis (stemming from simply returning
Maxwell's scalar quaternions in Heaviside's version of "Maxwell's Equations"...),
and produce a workable "unified field theory" (if not technology!) of gravity
control ...
Unless by now, in some government "black project," they already have--
And what we've deliberately been "leaked" over the last seven years, in repeated
video images of "exotic vehicles" performing impossible, non-Newtonian maneuvers
on official NASA TV shuttle coverage ... is simply the result!
Theory is one thing (Maxwell's or Whittaker's), but experimental results are
supposedly the ultimate Arbiter of Scientific Truth. Which makes it all the more
curious that Tesla's four-year observational anticipation of Whittaker's
startling analysis of Maxwell -- the experimental confirmation of an
electromagnetic "standing columnar (longitudinal) wave" in thunderstorms -- has
been resolutely ignored by both physicists and electrical engineers for the past
100 years; as have the stunning NASA TV confirmations of "something" (above)
maneuvering freely in Earth orbit.
With that as prologue, a new generation of physicists, also educated in the grand
assumption that "Heaviside's Equations" are actually "Maxwell's," were abruptly
brought up short in 1959 with another remarkable, equally elegant experiment --
which finally demonstrated in the laboratory the stark reality of Maxwell's
"pesky scalar potentials" ... those same "mystical" potentials that Heaviside so
effectively banished for all time from current (university-taught) EM theory.
In that year two physicists, Yakir Aharonov and David Bohm, conducted a seminal
"electrodynamics" laboratory experiment ("Significance of Electromagnetic
Potentials in Quantum Theory," The Physical Review, Vol. 115, No. 3, pp. 485-491;
August, 1959). Aharonov and Bohm, almost 100 years after Maxwell first predicted
their existence, succeeded in actually measuring the "hidden potential" of free
space, lurking in Maxwell's original scalar quaternion equations. To do so, they
had to cool the experiment to a mere 9 degrees above Absolute Zero, thus creating
a total shielding around a superconducting magnetic ring [for a slightly
different version of this same experiment -- see diagram; the oscillation of
electrical resistance in the ring (bottom graph) is due to the changing electron
"wave functions" -- triggered by the "hidden Maxwell scalar potential" created by
the shielded magnet -- see text, below].
Once having successfully accomplished this non-trivial laboratory set up, they
promptly observed an "impossible" phenomenon:
Totally screened, by all measurements, from the magnetic influence of the ring
itself, a test beam of electrons fired by Aharonov and Bohm at the
superconducting "donut," nonetheless, changed their electronic state ("wave
functions") as they passed through the observably "field-free" region of the hole
-- indicating they were sensing "something," even though it could NOT be the
ring's magnetic field. Confirmed now by decades of other physicists' experiments
as a true phenomenon (and not merely improper shielding of the magnet), this
"Aharonov-Bohm Effect" provides compelling proof of a deeper "spatial strain" --
a "scalar potential" -- underlying the existence of a so-called magnetic
"force-field" itself. (Later experiments revealed a similar effect with shielded
electrostatic fields ...)
All of which provides compelling proof of "something else," underlying all
reality, capable of transmitting energy and information across space and time ...
even in the complete absence of an electromagnetically detectable 3-D spatial
"field"--
Maxwell's quaternion ... hyperdimensional "potential."
So, what does all this have to do with NASA's announcement of a "new planet?"
If a "potential" without a field can exist in space -- as Maxwell's quaternion
analysis first asserted, and Aharonov-Bohm "only" a century later ultimately
found -- then, as defined by Maxwell in his comparisons of the aether with
certain properties of laboratory "solids," such a potential is equivalent to an
unseen, vorticular (rotating) "stress" in space. Or, in Maxwell's own words
(first written in 1873 ...):
"There are physical quantities of another kind [in the aether] which are related
to directions in space, but which are not vectors. Stresses and strains in solid
bodies are examples, and so are some of the properties of bodies considered in
the theory of elasticity and in the theory of double [rotated] refraction.
Quantities of this class require for their definition nine [part of the
"27-line"...] numerical specifications. They are expressed in the language of
quaternions by linear and vector functions of a vector ..."
-- J.C. Maxwell, "A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism," (Vol.1, 3rd Edition,
New York, 1954)
And stresses, when they are relieved, must release energy into their surroundings
...
There is now much fevered discussion among physicists, (~100 years post-Maxwell)
of the Quantum Electrodynamics Zero Point Energy (ZPE) of space -- or, "the
energy of the vacuum"; to many familiar with the original works of Maxwell,
Kelvin, et. al., this sounds an awful lot like the once-familiar "aether" ...
merely updated and now passing under "an assumed name." Thus, creating -- then
relieving -- a "stress" in Maxwell's vorticular aether is precisely equivalent to
tapping the "energy of the vacuum" -- which, according to current "quantum
mechanics' models," possesses a staggering amount of such energy per cubic inch
of space. Even inefficiently releasing a tiny percentage of this "strain energy"
into our three dimensions -- or, into a body existing in three-dimensional space
-- could make it appear as if the energy was coming from nowhere ... "something
from nothing." In other words, to an entire generation of students and
astrophysicists woefully ignorant of Maxwell's real equations, such energy would
appear as--
"Perpetual motion!"
Given the prodigious amount of "vacuum energy" calculated by modern physicists
(trillions of atomic bomb equivalents per cubic centimeter ...), even a
relatively minor but sudden release of such vast vacuum (aether) stress potential
inside a planet ... could literally destroy it--
Finally answering the crucial astrophysical objection to the "exploded planet
model" that Van Flandern has been encountering ...
"But Tom -- just how do you blow up' an entire world?!"
The answer is now obvious: via hyperdimensional "vacuum stress energy" ... ala
Whittaker and Maxwell.
As we shall show, it is this "new" source of energy -- in a far more "controlled"
context -- that seems also to be responsible now for not only the "anomalous
infrared excesses" observed in the so-called "giant outer planets" of this solar
system--
It is this same source of energy (in the Hyperdimensional Physics Model) that,
according to our analysis, must now be primarily responsible for the radiated
energies of stars ... including the Sun itself.
Since, in three dimensions, all energy eventually "degrades" to random motions --
via Kelvin and Gibb's 19th Century Laws of Thermodynamics (it's called
"increasing entropy") -- "stress energy" of the aether (vacuum) released inside a
material object, even if it initially appears in a coherent form -- driving, for
instance, the anomalous (1400 mile-per-hour!), planet-girdling winds of distant
Neptune's "jet streams" -- will eventually degrade to simple, random heat ...
ultimately radiated away as "excess infrared emissions" into space. It's the
initial, astrophysical conditions under which such "Maxwellian space potentials"
can be released inside a planet (or a star ...), that have been the central focus
of our efforts for ten years --
To create a predictive, mathematical "hyperdimensional model" of such physics.
The entire question comes down to--
"What set of known spatial conditions will slowly, predictably, release the
potential strains of 4-space into 3-space' ... inside a massive world ... so that
when this energy inevitably degrades to heat, its radiative signature identifies
the original hyperdimensional' source?"
Fortunately, we are surrounded by almost half a dozen examples close at hand: the
giant, "anomalously radiating" planets of this solar system (and some major
moons). Over the past decade, as we have attempted to understand their anomalous
IR radiation, one thing has become clear -- to a first order, the "infrared
excesses" of the giant planets all seem to correlate very nicely with one
parameter each has in common -- regardless of their individual masses, elemental
compositions, or distance from the Sun:
Their total system "angular momentum."
The mass of a body and the rate at which it spins, in classical physics,
determines an object's "angular momentum." In our Hyperdimensional Model, its a
bit more complicated -- because objects apparently separated by distance in this
(3-space) dimension are in fact connected in a "higher" (4-space) dimension; so,
in the HD model, one also adds in the orbital momentum of an object's
gravitationally-tethered satellites -- moons in the case of planets; planets, in
the case of the Sun, or companion stars in the case of other stars.
When one graphs the total angular momentum of a set of objects -- such as the
radiating outer planets of this solar system (plus Earth and Sun) -- against the
total amount of internal energy each object radiates to space, the results are
striking:
The more total system angular momentum a planet (or any celestial body) possesses
(as defined above -- object plus satellites), the greater its intrinsic
"brightness," i.e. the more "anomalous energy" it apparently is capable of
"generating."
And, as can be seen from this key diagram, this striking linear dependence now
seems to hold across a range of luminosity and momentum totaling almost three
orders of magnitude ... almost 1000/1!
Especially noteworthy, the Earth (not "a collapsing gas giant," by any stretch of
the imagination) also seems to fit precisely this empirical energy relationship:
when the angular momentum of the Moon is added to the "spin momentum" of its
parent planet, the resulting correlation with measurements derived from internal
"heat budget" studies of the Earth are perfectly fitted to this solar-system-wide
empirical relationship -- even though the Earth's internal energy is supposedly
derived from "radioactive sources."
And, as can be seen from the accompanying historical comparison, this striking
solar system linear relationship is actually more tightly constrained (even at
this early stage) than the original Hubble "redshift data" supporting the Big
Bang!
This discovery contains major implications, not only for past geophysics and
terrestrial evolution ... but for future geological and climatological events --
"Earth changes," as some have termed them. These may be driven, not by rising
solar interactions or by-products of terrestrial civilization (accumulating
"greenhouse gases" from burning fossil fuels), but by this same "hyperdimensional
physics." If so, then learning a lot more about the mechanisms of this physics --
and quickly! -- is a critical step toward intervening and eventually controlling
our future well-being, if not our destiny, on (and off!) this planet ...
For the "Hyperdimensional Physics" model, this simple but powerful relationship
now seems to be the equivalent of Relativity's E=MC2 : a celestial object's total
internal luminosity seems dependent upon only one physical parameter:
L=mr2 = total system angular momentum (object, plus all satellites)
There is a well-known "rule of thumb" in science, perhaps best expressed by a
late Noble Laureate, physicist Richard Feynman:
"You can recognize truth by its beauty and simplicity. When you get it right, it
is obvious that it is right -- at least if you have any experience -- because
usually what happens is that more comes out than goes in ... The inexperienced,
the crackpots, and people like that, make guesses that are simple, but you can
immediately see that they are wrong, so that does not count. Others, the
inexperienced students, make guesses that are very complicated, and it sort of
looks as if it is all right, but I know it is not true because the truth always
turns out to be simpler that you thought ..."
This startling relationship -- our discovery of the simple dependence of an
object's internal luminosity on its total system angular momentum -- has that
"feel" about it; it is simple ... it is elegant ... in fact--
It could even be true.
But, as can be seen from examining the luminosity/angular momentum diagram again,
there also appears to be one glaring exception to this otherwise strikingly
linear relationship:
The Sun itself.
Independent research, involving over 30 years of attempted confirmation of the
Sun's basic energy source -- in the form of solar/terrestrial observations of
tiny atomic particles called "neutrinos," supposedly coming from the center of
the Sun -- have left laboratory physicists and astrophysicists with a major
astronomical enigma:
The Sun is not emitting anything like the number of neutrinos required by the
"Standard Solar Model" for its observed energy emission; if its energy is due to
"thermo-nuclear reactions" (as the Standard Model demands), then the observed
"neutrino deficit" is upwards of 60%: even more remarkable, certain kinds of
primary neutrinos (calculated as required to explain the bulk of the solar
interior's fusion reactions, based on laboratory measurements) turn out to be
simply missing altogether!
So -- what really fuels the Sun?
The answer to the Sun's apparent violation of the Standard Solar Model --
ironically, is contained in its striking "violation" of our key angular
momentum/luminosity diagram:
In the Hyperdimensional Model, the Sun's primary energy source -- like the
planets' -- must be driven by its total angular momentum -- its own "spin
momentum," plus the total angular momentum of the planetary masses orbiting
around it. Any standard astronomical text reveals that, though the Sun contains
more than 98% of the mass of the solar system, it contains less than 2% of its
total angular momentum. The rest is in the planets. Thus, in adding up their
total contribution to the Sun's angular momentum budget -- if the HD model is
correct -- we should see the Sun following the same line on the graph that the
planets, from Earth to Neptune, do.
It doesn't.
The obvious answer to this dilemma is that the HD model is simply wrong.
The less obvious is that we're missing something ...
Like ... additional planets (above)!
By adding another big planet (or a couple of smaller ones) beyond Pluto (several
hundred times the Earth's distance from the Sun -- below), we can move the Sun's
total angular momentum to the right on the graph, until it almost intersects the
line (allowing for a percentage, about 30%, of internal energy expected from
genuine thermonuclear reactions ...). This creates the specific "HD prediction"
that "the current textbook tally of the Sun's angular momentum is deficient
because ..."
We haven't discovered all the remaining members of the solar system yet!
As a dividend, this promptly presents us with our first key test of the
Hyperdimensional Model:
1) Find those planets!
The second test of the Hyperdimensional Model is that, unlike other efforts to
explain anomalous planetary energy emissions via continued "planetary collapse,"
or "stored primordial heat," the hyperdimensional approach specifically predicts
one radical, definitive observational difference from all other existing
explanations--
2) HD energy generation in both planets and stars should be -- must be --
variable.
This is simply implicit in the mechanism which generates the hyperdimensional
energy in the first place: ever changing hyperspatial geometry.
If the ultimate source of planetary (or stellar) energy is this "vorticular
(rotating) spatial stress between dimensions" (ala Maxwell), then the constantly
changing pattern (both gravitationally and dimensionally) of interacting
satellites in orbit around a major planet/star must modulate that stress pattern
as a constantly changing, geometrically twisted "aether" (ala Whittaker's
amplifications of Maxwell). In our Hyperdimensional Model, it is this "constantly
changing hyperspatial geometry" that is capable (via resonant rotations with the
masses in question -- either as spin, or circular orbital motions) of extracting
energy from this underlying "rotating, vorticular aether" ... and then releasing
it inside material objects.
Initially, this "excess energy" can appear in many different forms -- high-speed
winds, unusual electrical activity, even enhanced nuclear reactions -- but,
ultimately, it must all degrade to simple "excess heat." Because of the basic
physical requirement for resonance in effectively coupling a planet (or a star's)
"rotating 3-D mass to the underlying 4-D aether rotation," this excess energy
generation must also, inevitably, vary with time -- as the changing orbital
geometry of the "satellites" interacts with the spinning primary (and the
underlying, "vorticular aether"...) in and out-of-phase.
For these reasons, as stated earlier, time-variability of this continuing energy
exchange must be a central hallmark of this entire "HD process."
[Incidentally, understanding this basic "hyperdimensional transfer mechanism," in
terms of Maxwell's original quaternions (that describe "a rotating, vorticular,
four-dimensional sponge-like aether"), immediately lends itself to creating a
"Hyperdimensional Technology" based on this same mechanism.
The fundamental "violations" of current physics exhibited by so-called "free
energy" machines -- from the explicitly-rotating "N-machine" to the initially
frustrating time-variable aspects of "electro-chemical cold fusion"-- are now
elegantly explained by appropriate application of Maxwell's original ideas.
Even more extraordinary: the recent startling demonstration, broadcast nationwide
on ABC's "Good Morning America" last year, of a "physically impossible" major
reduction -- in a few minutes! -- of long-lived radioactive Uranium isotopes.
Normally, such processes require billions of years to accomplish. This too is now
elegantly explained by the Hyperdimensional Model-- As -- an "induced
hyperspatial stress," created by the machine ... the same stress that initially
(in the Model) induces "unstable isotopes" in the first place. By technologically
enhancing such vacuum stress within these nuclei, via a retuning of Maxwell's
"scalar potentials," the normal radioactive breakdown process is accelerated --
literally billions of times ...
The implications for an entire "rapid, radioactive nuclear waste reduction
technology" -- accomplishing in hours what would normally require aeons -- is
merely one immediate, desperately needed world-wide application of such
"Hyperdimensional Technologies."]
In our own planetary system, all the "giant" planets possess a retinue of at
least a dozen satellites: one or two major ones (approximating the size of the
planet Mercury) ... with several others ranging down below the diameter and mass
of our own Moon ... in addition to a host of smaller objects; because of the
"lever effect" in the angular momentum calculations, even a small satellite
orbiting far away (or at a steep angle to the planet's plane of rotation) can
exert a disproportional effect on the "total angular momentum" equation -- just
look at Pluto and the Sun.
Even now, Jupiter's four major satellites (which have collective masses
approximately 1/10,000th of Jupiter itself), during the course of their complex
orbital interactions, are historically known to cause time-altered behavior in a
variety of well-known Jovian phenomena--
Including -- "anomalous" latitude and longitude motions of the Great Red Spot
itself.
As we presented at the U.N. in 1992, the Great Red Spot -- a mysterious vortex
located for over 300 years at that "infamous" 19.5 degrees S. Latitude, via the
circumscribed tetrahedral geometry of the equally infamous "27 line problem" --
is the classic "hyperdimensional signature" of HD physics operating within
Jupiter.
The existence of decades of recorded "anomalous motions" of this Spot, neatly
synchronized with the highly predictable motions of Jupiter's own moons, are
clearly NOT the result of conventional "gravitational" or "tidal" interactions --
in view of the relatively insignificant masses of the moons compared to Jupiter
itself; but, following Maxwell and Whittaker, the hyperdimensional effects of
these same moons -- via the long "lever" of angular momentum on the constantly
changing, vorticular scalar stress potentials inside Jupiter -- that is a very
different story ...
So, Hyperdimensional Test number three:
3) Look for small, short-term amplitude-variations in the infrared emission
levels of all the giant planets ... synchronized (as are the still-mysterious
motions of the GRS on Jupiter) with the orbital motions and conjunctions of their
moons.
All NASA models for the "anomalous energy emissions" of these planets have
assumed a steady output; the "snapshot" values derived from the mere few hours of
Voyager fly-bys in the 1980's are now firmly listed in astronomy texts as new
"planetary constants"; the reason: the emissions are viewed by NASA as either
"primordial heat," stored across the aeons; energy release from internal
long-term radioactive processes; or literal, slight settling of portions of the
entire planet, still releasing gravitational potential energy ... all processes
that will not change perceptibly even in thousands of years!
Confirmed short-term variations in the current planetary IR outputs, of "a few
hours" (or even a few days) duration -- and synchronized with the orbital periods
of the planets' satellites themselves -- would thus be stunning evidence that all
the "mainstream" explanations are in trouble ... and that the Hyperdimensional
Model deserves much closer scrutiny ...
In this same vein: unlike all "conventional NASA explanations," in a phenomenon
akin to "hyperdimensional astrology," the HD model also specifically predicts
significantly larger, long-term variability in these major planetary IR outputs
... of several years duration. These (like the shorter variations triggered by
the changing geometry between the satellites) should be caused by the constantly
changing hyperdimensional (spatial stress) interactions between the major planets
themselves ... as they continually change their geometry relative to one another,
each orbiting the Sun with a different relative velocity.
These changing interactive stresses in the "boundary between hyperspace and real'
space" (in the Hyperdimensional Model) now also seem to be the answer to the
mysterious "storms" that, from time to time, have suddenly appeared in the
atmospheres of several of the outer planets. The virtual "disappearance," in the
late 80's, of Jupiter's Great Red Spot is one remarkable example; Saturn's abrupt
production of a major planetary "event," photographed by the Hubble Space
Telescope in 1994 as a brilliant cloud erupting at 19.5 degrees N. (where
else?!), is yet another.
Since the prevailing NASA view is that these planets' "excess" IR output must be
constant over time, no one has bothered to look for any further correlations --
between a rising or falling internal energy emission ... and the (now,
historically well-documented) semi-periodic eruptions of such "storms."
They should.
Hubble's New "Runaway Planet": A Unique Opportunity for Testing the Exploding
Planet Hypothesis and ... Hyperdimensional Physics Part III
By Richard C. Hoagland © 1998 The Enterprise Mission
Which returns us to the Sun.
There is a very well-known, long-period, and still mysterious variability
associated with the largest "hyperdimensional gate" in our own neighborhood --
our "local" star, the Sun.
Its complex changes, which include a host of related surface phenomena -- solar
flares, coronal disturbances, mass ejections, etc. -- is termed "the sunspot
cycle" ... because the number of simultaneous "spots" (lower-temperature vortices
appearing "dark" against the hotter solar surface, as this activity occurs --
left) waxes and wanes over about 11 years. (The full magnetic reversal of the
Sun's polarity takes two complete sunspot cycles to return to "zero" -- thus the
complete "solar cycle" is about 20 years.)
In the 1940's, the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) hired a young electrical
engineer -- John Nelson -- in an effort to improve the reliability of HF
("short-wave") radio communications around Earth. Such radio transmissions had
been observed to be, for some reason, more reliable in the "lulls" in between,
than during solar activity associated with "peak" sunspot years.
To his surprise, Nelson soon specifically correlated this rising and falling
radio interference with not only sunspot cycle, but with the motions of the major
planets of the solar system; he found, to his increasing astonishment, a very
repeatable -- in essence, astrological correlation ... between the inexorable
orbits of all the planets (but especially, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune --
which, remember, hold essentially all the solar's system's known angular
momentum) ... and major radio-disturbing eruptions on the Sun!
The Hyperdimensional Model finally provides a comprehensive theoretical
explanation -- a "linking mechanism" -- for these, to a lot of astronomers, still
embarrassing decades-old RCA observations. For, in essence what John Nelson had
rediscovered was nothing short of a "Hyperdimensional Astrology" -- the ultimate,
very ancient, now highly demonstrable angular momentum foundations behind the
real influences of the Sun and planets on our lives ...
For, as part of his solar research, Nelson also "rediscovered" something else ...
"It is worthy of note that in 1948 when Jupiter and Saturn were spaced by 120
degrees, and solar activity was at a maximum, radio signals averaged of far
higher quality for the year than in 1951 with Jupiter and Saturn at 180 degrees
and a considerable decline in solar activity. In other words, the average quality
curve of radio signals followed the cycle curve between Jupiter and Saturn rather
than the sunspot curve ... [emphasis added]."
-- J.H. Nelson, "Planetary Position Effect on Short-Wave Signal Quality"
(Electrical Engineering, May 1952)
These decades-old observations are very telling ... not only confirming Jupiter
and Saturn as the primary "drivers" behind the Sun's known cycle of activity (in
the HD Model), but strongly implying an additional direct effect of their
changing angular relationship on the electrical properties of Earth's ionosphere.
This, of course, is totally consistent with these changing planetary geometries
affecting not just the Sun, but the other planets as well ... just as
"conventional" astrologers have claimed -- via Maxwell's "changing scalar
potentials"...
Therefore, at this point, only the hyperdimensional theory--
1) Points to the (literally!) deepest implications of the simple astronomical
fact that the "tail wags the dog"-- that the planets in this physics are fully
capable of exerting a determinant influence on the Sun -- and each other --
through their disproportionate ratio of total solar system angular momentum ...
over 100 to 1, in the [known!] planets' favor.
Only the Hyperdimensional Model--
2) Possesses the precise physical mechanism -- via Maxwell's "changing quaternion
scalar potentials" -- accounting for this "anomalous" planetary angular momentum
influence.
And, only the HD theory--
3) Has already publicly identified, at the United Nations, in 1992, a blatant
geometric clue to this entire HD solar process: the maximum sunspot numbers
(those large, relatively "cool," rotating vortices appearing on the solar
surface), rising and falling and methodically changing latitude, during the
course of the familiar 22-year solar cycle--
And peaking every half-cycle (~11 years), at the hyperdimensionally-significant
solar latitude of ~ "19.5 degrees!"
Furthermore, recent discoveries via the indirect technique of "helioseismology"
(optical monitoring of sound waves vibrating back and forth within the Sun), have
revealed another clear solar "hyper-dimensional signature at play; a curious
"jet," flowing around the north pole several thousand miles below the visible
solar surface; the remarkable similarity to an equivalent phenomenon discovered
by Voyager flowing around the north pole of Saturn -- a "polar hexagon" in the
clouds -- even to the latitude, seems just a bit "too coincidental."
Unfortunately, because the discovery is not based on direct imaging (as with
Voyager), but on an indirect "sub-surface flow" technique, the investigators have
rounded off the corners of the potential sub-surface "solar hexagon"; in fact,
they should consult more frequently with their NASA planetary colleagues for
additional examples of this geometric, now clearly hyperdimensional "flow
pattern" elsewhere in the solar system ...
The increasing identification of the hyperdimensional mechanism underlying the
Sun's primary energy production has, unfortunately, brought with it certain
inevitable, potentially disquieting predictions ...
Described first by Kepler as his "Third Law," the farther out a planet orbits
from its star the longer is its period of revolution. Since we're talking about
possible additional planets driving this entire Hyperdimensional Solar Process
(see again angular momentum diagram, above) -- planets that must be hundreds of
times farther from the Sun than Earth (Pluto is "only" 40 times its distance, and
orbits in "only" about 250 years) -- the "years" of these extremely distant
worlds could equal thousands if not tens of thousands of Earth's year ...
depending on their orbits. Because of these immense orbital periods, the cycles
of solar energy production driven by their combined angular momentum will also be
v-e-r-y long, indeed--
Perhaps as long as ~26,000 years ... (remember that number).
Also remember that such distant planets -- even if not particularly massive --
will have a disproportionately large effect on the total solar HD energy
generation, because of the enormous "leverage" in the angular momentum equation
with increasing distance. Thus, these still undiscovered worlds must in fact
account for most of the solar energy we see ... depending on the actual orbital
periods; the repeated ultra-long-term phasings of their orbits -- creating
equally long-term angular momentum resonances in the Sun -- must produce
resulting long-term cyclic changes in the Sun's total luminosity ... lasting
literally thousands of years ... far longer than the short-term, historical
"sunspot cycle" Nelson first linked directly to the known members of the solar
system.
There is already a well-known link, between the historical 11-year "sunspot
cycle" -- increased solar flares, x-ray emission, frequency of "coronal mass
ejections," etc. -- and a measurable (if inexplicable as yet) increase in total
solar energy production. Misnamed "the solar constant," this cyclic increase and
decrease (according to satellite measurements) is curiously in phase with the
current sunspot cycle ... averaging about 0.15%.
This NASA-documented short-term variation of the entire Sun, is now directly
traceable (in the HD Model) to the changing geometric phase relationships between
the solar system's two largest known planets, Jupiter and Saturn (as Nelson long
ago confirmed); their orbital conjunctions -- when both worlds return again to
the same geometric position, relative to one another -- take place on average
roughly every 20 years ... the mean of the full "magnetic" solar cycle! (At the
"half cycle" -- the familiar 11-year sunspot period itself -- Jupiter and Saturn
are, of course, 180 degrees out of phase ... a critical clue to the determinate,
modulating hyperspatial geometry actually inherent in this process ...)
But, if the known changes in solar output are due to hyperdimensional effects of
the largest known planets, what of the magnitude of "aether stress" produced by
our proposed "new planets" -- with angular momentum contributions hundreds of
times greater?; the long-term cyclic increase in solar energy created by those
cyclic phasings (yet-to-be-experienced in recorded history ...) could measure as
much as several percent above current solar output. This is more than enough
additional energy -- even without Mankind's current addition of significant
"greenhouse gasses" to the atmosphere -- to trigger profound, millennia-long
climatic changes here on Earth--
Including ... melting ice caps; rising ocean levels; dramatic changes in jet
stream altitudes and activity; increased tornado intensities; increased hurricane
wind velocities ... and--
A permanent "El Nino" (whose warmest waters, satellites report, are at ... ~19.5
degrees).
And that's saying nothing about HD energy added to the internal workings of our
planet ...
From all indications, we are now well into just such a new, long-term, cyclic
solar period ... just as the HD Model has predicted. The implications should be
obvious.
Enter once more, Susan Terebey.
With the discovery and official NASA announcement of Dr. Terebey's "new planet"
-- a "Jovian-type" world 450 light years away ... yet, in apparent total
isolation -- we have the perfect conditions for a new series of crucial tests of
the "Hyperdimensional Model," starting with--
1) Systematic spectroscopic observations (carried out over days or months), to
detect the presence of any satellites of this proposed Jovian-type world.
Curiously, this possibility has not even been alluded to in any of the official
NASA presentations on this object (see NASA artist's depiction).
It is almost inconceivable that such a giant world could have formed without
multiple orbiting satellites; just look at the "miniature solar systems" of moons
orbiting the major planets of this solar system ...
Confirmation of such additional objects would in itself be another major
scientific "first." But, in this case, it would also have far deeper
implications; some of those same moons could have considerable mass themselves --
perhaps as much as Mars ... or even Earth ... depending on the parent planet's
mass. The latter could, in fact, be independently determined (via appropriate
application of "Kepler's Laws") through physical detection of such moons and
determining their orbital periods. This would then provide a completely
independent calibration of the accuracy of the "primary object's" currently
estimated mass -- derived, as Terebey's freely admits, solely from theoretical
"cooling curves" (see above) and the "new planet's" measured IR luminosity
itself.
These additional remarkable objects (if they exist ...) should be detectable with
a variety of present astronomical technologies -- including Hubble -- provided
someone looks.
[And, confirmation of truly massive satellites (a "Mars" or "Earth") circling
this new "potential planet" could vindicate, in a stroke, a major piece of Van
Flandern's own revolutionary model -- that our own Mars (if not a number of other
objects) once orbited a larger planet in this solar system as satellites ...
until all (including Mars) were released by the catastrophic explosion of that
"parent world."
Van Flandern, one of the world's leading celestial mechanics experts, has
calculated the probable orbital parameters of such an extraordinary event -- and
has reached the conclusion that Mars' uniquely elliptical path around the Sun (of
all the inner planets) is highly consistent with its "escape" from such a
"missing," former member of the solar system ...]
Successful detection of a "Mars" or "Earth" (or any significant satellites)
orbiting Susan Terebey's "new planet" would immediate present possibilities for
carrying out the same variety of HD tests proposed (above) for the outer planets
of this solar system, starting with--
2) Detection of distinct variations in the "new planet's" own infrared emissions
-- synchronized with the calculated orbital periods of any detected satellites
(or resonances thereof ...). This would offer immediate, compelling evidence for
the general correctness of the "Hyperdimensional Model" ... especially, if such
IR signatures could be matched with similar types of time-varying emissions
observed radiating from the giant planets of this solar system ...
Such confirmations would provide crucial and timely evidence supporting the basic
correctness of the "HD Model." Equally important, if such confirmations are
forthcoming, the extraordinary possibility will be further enhanced that this
same fundamental physics, in our own solar system, could ... and has--
Destroyed entire worlds ...
For those who need a "practical" reason to address these issues, consider this:
Understanding the conditions under which these types of "epochal events" could
come to pass ... and if, through proper understanding and control of "HD
Physics," they can be averted for our planet ... would seem a simple, basic
rationale for renewed interest in what Maxwell really stated. Given the
demonstrable, historically-unprecedented changes currently occurring in our own
environment -- from mysteriously-rising geophysical and volcanic activity (some
of the most significant now occurring at that suspicious "19.5 degrees!"), to
increasingly anomalous climatological and meteorological activity (does anyone
notice that hurricanes have always been born at an average latitude of ...19.5
degrees?) -- verifying the effects of a changing "hyperdimensional physics" in
our own neighborhood is far from being "merely academic."
Then, of course, there are the continuing, dramatic changes in the Sun...
Immediate solar predictions of the HD Model are simple and quite clear:
increasingly violent average solar surface activity -- modulated with the rising
and falling with the familiar "sunspot cycle" of ~11 years (cycle #23 should be a
"lulu!") -- taking place against a backdrop of equally dramatic, long-term rising
of total solar energy emission.
The major unknown is the overall effect of this slowly increasing "HD energy"
availability throughout the entire solar system; for, remember, the changing
"aether stress" is not localized inside stars or planets; these concentrations of
"matter" merely allow us to trace the visible effects -- like red dye in clear
water -- of these underlying, changing "hyperspatial strains." Thus, the overall
dynamical effect of the Earth's own significant (to us!) angular momentum
interaction with this changing solar system physics -- including its own
long-term, "higher order rotation," the ~26,000 year precessional cycle and the
mysterious role of the Moon -- is all still quite uncertain ...
However, recent anomalous observations of perhaps the most fundamental dynamical
parameter of Earth -- its own rotation -- seem to support this growing perception
that "something" indeed is rapidly changing in the solar system ...
For some inexplicable reason, there has been an accelerating slow-down of the
Earth's spin on its own axis over the last twenty years -- as measured against
electronic transitions of the "Cesium Atomic Clock," maintained at the National
Bureau of Standards, in Boulder, Colorado.
Theoretically stable to "plus or minus one second in a million years ..." the
official atomic clocks have literally had to be adjusted by over 20 seconds in
these preceding two decades -- a stunning change by astronomical standards, and
striking confirmation of some kind of major, "progressive phase-shift" now
occurring, between the rotation of our planet and the atomic-level "constants"
that govern the quantum standards of the Clock. This need to, with increasing
frequency (now, approximately every six months) update a full second differential
between "dynamical time" and "time at the atomic level," is profound confirmation
of some kind of fundamental coupling between the angular momentum of our own
planet, and the larger changes occurring in the hyperspatial physics of the solar
system ... as outlined in the basic HD Model. This includes the possibility that
these changing "hyperspatial stresses," due to the progressive orbital movement
of our as-yet-undiscovered "outer planets" (in the Model) are simply causing
increasing "Maxwellian scalar potential changes" all across the solar system at
the atomic level -- changing (via the "Aharonov-Bohm Effect") all resultant
quantum-level "constants" governing the clocks by small (but
laboratory-measurable) amounts.
If this is true, it could thus be the Clocks themselves that are also internally
changing ... simultaneous with the predicted, accelerating slow-down in the basic
rotation of the Earth!
Additional evidence that "something major" is occurring in the solar system, is
the recent announcement (by three major "world-class" laboratories) of startling
changes in another fundamental physical parameter -- the Gravitational Constant;
according to an article published in "Science News" in 1995, not only has this
centuries-old "constant" been found to differ now from all previous "textbook"
values ... each of the three laboratories reported different changes ... the
largest amounting to a whopping (by measurement standards) 0.06%!
Completely inexplicable by any mainstream theories, such changes are
intrinsically expected (ala Whittaker's derivation of "electrogravitic" linkages
between gravity and light) in the true Maxwellian analysis of "varying scalar
potentials" of the vacuum. Again: changes modulated by the changing phase
relationships between our proposed "undiscovered outer planets" in the "total
solar system angular momentum equation."
There is insufficient room to develop here (let alone to document) all the
additional implications stemming from this Model (that will be done elsewhere).
Suffice it to say, this is intrinsically a changing physics, affecting every
known system of astronomical, physical, chemical and biological interaction
differently over time -- because it affects the underlying, dynamical hyperspace
foundation of "physical reality" itself ... starting with this solar system; that
is implicit in the Model.
And now, according to all accumulating evidence and this centuries-old physics
... we are simply entering once again (after "only" 13,000 years ...) a phase of
this recurring, grand solar system cycle "of renewed hyperdimensional
restructuring of that reality ..."
It is for these basic reasons that NASA must now openly -- and rapidly -- carry
out these recommended new observations of the solar system, including additional,
detailed measurements of "TMR-1C" ... and then immediately tell us the results.
Time is getting short.
[Acknowledgments: the author wishes to extend deep appreciation to Lt. Col. T.E.
Bearden (U.S. Army, Ret.) for his many years of historical research and technical
analysis, which have made key aspects of this proposal possible; to Marianne
Shenefield for her long collaboration in exploring practical applications of
James Clerk Maxwell's pioneering interest in "hyperdimensional consciousness";
and to Rhonda Eklund -- for rediscovering Maxwell's original "hyperdimensional
poetry."]