The Valley of the Queens is located just southwest of the Valley of the Kings. The ancient Egyptians gave it the name Set Neferu, meaning "seat of beauty". From 1903-1906 an Italian expedition discovered about eighty tombs, some of which belonged to children of royalty. Many were severely damaged having been burned and or reduced to being used as stables for donkeys and camels. One of the most well-known tombs is that of Nefertari, the best-loved of Ramesses II's numerous wives. In her honor he built a beautiful temple at Abu Simbel. In the fall of 1995, the tomb of Nefertari was reopened to the public after major restoration.
The Valley of the Queens is also known as Biban al Harim and Ta Set Neferu.
Tomb of Nefertari
Queen of Rameses II (19th Dynasty, 1279-1213 BCE).
The brilliant colors and draftsmanship of its painted reliefs
make it one of Egypt's most outstanding tombs.
Located south of Deir el-Medineh and west of Medinet Habu, the Valley of the Queens is the site of over 90 tombs of royal wives, sons, and daughters from the 18th, 19th, and 20th Dynasties. (Royal women of the 18th Dynasty appear not to have had one exclusive cemetery but were buried in many, often remote locations, as well as occasionally in the Valley of the Kings) Early tombs lie at the northern "mouth" of the valley, later tombs nearer its southern end.
Other tombs include:
The Tomb of Khaemwese (Tomb 44): Scenes in Khaemwese's tomb show him being presented to the guardians of the gates to the afterlife along with his father. He is making an offering in the scene, and is dressed in a robe, wearing a necklace and the sidelocks of youth.
The Tomb of Queent Titi (Tomb 52): She is probably the queen of a 20th Dynasty. She is depicted with the sidelocks common to the Egyptian young of the period and in the presence of the gods Thoth, Atum, Isis and Nephthys. In the next chamber the queen is shown making offerings to Hator the cow, and in the last chamber the gods Neith, Osiris, Selquit, Nephthys and Thoth.
The Tomb of Amenhikhopeshef (Tomb 55): Amenhikhopeshef was a son of Ramses III and scenses show him with his father and the gods Thoth, Ptah and others. He was probably about nine years old when he died. Scenes show him being presented to various gods, including Anubis, the Jackal-headed god of the dead, by his father, Ramses III. A premature baby was also found in to tomb. This belonged to this mother, who aborted upon learning of Amenhikhopeshef's death.
Tomb no. 30 - Nebiri (probably), Head of the Stable, Dynasty XVIII
Tomb no. 31 - A Queen
Tomb no. 33 - Princess Tanezem(t) Dynasty XX (?)
Tomb no. 36 - Princess, no name
Tomb no. 38 - Queen Sitre' wife of Ramesses I
Tomb no. 40 - A Queen, cartouche blank
Tomb no. 42 - Prince Para'hirwenemef, Charioteer of the stable of the Great House, son of Ramesses III
Tomb no. 43 - Prince Set-hirkhopshef, King's son, Hereditary prince of the royal children of his Majesty, Charioteer of the Great Stable. Son of Ramesses III.
Tomb no.44 - Prince Kha'emweset, Sem- priest of Ptah. Son of Ramesses III.
Tomb no. 46 - Imhotep (probably) Vizier. Tuthmosis I.
Tomb no.47 - Princess 'Ahmosi Daughter of Sekenenre'-Ta'a and Sit-dhout:
Tomb no.51 - Queen Esi II mother of Ramesses VI, daughter of Hubalznet:
Tomb no. 52- Queen Tyti Ramesside
Tomb no. 53 - Prince Ramesses son of Ramesses III
Tomb no. 55 - Prince Amen(hir)khopshef Royal Scribe, Overseer of Horses, son of Ramesses III
Tomb no. 60 - Queen Nebttaui daughter of Ramesses II
Tomb no. 66 - Queen Nefertari Wife of Ramesses II
Tomb no.68 - Queen Merytamun daughter of Ramesses II
Tomb no.71 - Queen Bent'anta daughter of Ramesses II
Tomb no.73 - A Princess, no name. Dynasty XX
Tomb no.74 - Queen Tentopet Great King's mother and King's wife
Tomb no.75 - A Queen, no name
Unnumbered Tombs and Pits
Queen Mut. . . perhaps Tuy (Mut-tuy), wife of Seti I, mother of Ramesses II. West of Tomb 66.
'Ahmosi King's son, son of Nebsu and Ian
A hundred metres east of Tomb 47 in a small valley. Dynasty XVII
Princess Neferhet King's daughter, New Kingdom. Probably south-east of Tomb 75
Tombs in Branch valley, south-west of the Valley of the Queens<
Remains of canopic-jars, including one with text of a queen, Dyn XXV or XXVI (from excavation in 1895).
Tomb of Princess - from time of Amenhotep III. Position unknown.
ANCIENT EGYPT INDEX ANCIENT AND LOST CIVILIZATIONS ALPHABETICAL INDEX OF ALL FILES CRYSTALINKS MAIN PAGE