Hermann Rorschach

Hermann Rorschach

Hermann Rorschach was born on Nov. 8, 1884, Zurich, Switz. and died April 2, 1922, Herisau.

He was a Swiss psychiatrist who devised the inkblot test that bears his name and that is widely used clinically for diagnosing psychopathology.

The eldest son of an art teacher, Rorschach considered becoming an artist but chose medicine instead.

As a secondary-school student, he was nicknamed Kleck, meaning "inkblot," because of his interest in sketching.

He attended several universities before receiving his M.D. from the University of Zurich in 1912, then worked in Russia for a year before returning to Switzerland to practice.

For several years, his main interest was in psychoanalysis, and he became a staunch advocate of the then-new psychoanalytic technique in Swiss medical circles, being elected vice president of the Swiss Psychoanalytic Society in 1919.

In 1917 Rorschach discovered the work of Szyman Hens, who had studied the fantasies of his subjects using inkblot cards.

In 1918 Rorschach began his own experiments with 15 accidental inkblots, showing the blots to patients and asking them, "What might this be?" Their subjective responses enabled him to distinguish among his subjects on the basis of their perceptive abilities, intelligence, and emotional characteristics.

The Rorschach test is based on the human tendency to project interpretations and feelings onto ambiguous stimuli, in this case, inkblots. From these cues trained observers are supposed to be able to pinpoint deeper personality traits and impulses in the person taking the test.

Rorschach published the results of his studies on 300 mental patients and 100 normal subjects in Psychodiagnostik (1921; Psychodiagnostics).

The book attracted little attention before Rorschach died the next year, but his method has since been widely adopted as a tool for psychological evaluation and diagnosis.

The Rorschach Test is a projective method of psychological testing in which a person is asked to describe what he sees in 10 inkblots, of which some are black or gray and others have patches of colour. Responses are scored as to the location in the blot of the thing seen; the kind of stimulus characteristic emphasized--e.g., form or colour; and the content of the percept--e.g., animal. From response scores, the tester attempts to describe the testee's personality, often by comparing scores to established norms. Interpretation is not highly standardized, however, and though popular, the test has been attacked as being unreliable, even in the areas of diagnosis and prognosis in which it is most frequently used. The test was introduced in 1921 by the Swiss psychiatrist Hermann Rorschach. Similar tests have since been devised, notably one with two 45-card forms by the American psychologist W.H. Holtzman.

- Encyclopedia Britannica

Metaphysically speaking - reading a Rorschach symbol is much like translating the images from tea leaves.

For example - when working with a client - and the image in the cup is a bird with wings - the images would symbolize a person who needs to feel free, flights of fancy, ascension, other. True - I am the one do the interpreting - but it is the client who has created the images for me to interpret. With a good psychic - spirit will guide the needed responses. Sometimes the spirit is another aspect of the client's soul - or one of their spirit guides - or a deceased loved one - or the client's own telepathic messages to me, based on their needs.

In any event the client will get their message across. It is wonderful to put the whole picture together - psychology and metaphysics - the soul level - for that is where the symbolism is created. All behavior is created on higher levels of the soul - and played out in 3D - As is Above - So is Below. If you can connect with the soul of the person - you can help them - or at least understand why they are behaving as they do.

Symbols are also part of our genetic encoding - activated by our needs during our lifetimes in the third dimension.

These needs may be emotional, spiritual, physical, on a soul level, environmental, etc.

The symbols are often triggers that awaken our memories on a soul level - about the true nature of who we are as spirits having a third dimensional physical and emotional experience. The third dimension is the place the soul goes to experience emotions.

Symbols are one way we interpret what we are experiencing in 3D - our emotions - our issues. Some of the symbols are unique but most are universal - coming from the same source of creation. Archetypes - Numeric Symbols - Dreams

- Ellie Crystal, Therapist