New Articles About Orion
Orion is a constellation, which is the head of a constellation family, located in the equatorial region of the sky and belongs certainly to the most famous constellations. It extends from RA=4h 40m to RA=6h 20m and DECL=+23 degrees to DECL=+8 degrees.
In some ways the central part of this constellation reminds on a oblique sand-glass. In wintertime Orion is a magnificent constellation which can easily be found by the the three stars forming a line building the belt of the Hunter. The belt stars point towards Sirius, the brightest star in the constellation of the Larger Dog, Canis Major, situated SE of Orion.
From his belt there hangs a well defined deggar, which is known for one of the most famous nebulas in the sky: The Large Orion Nebula (M42).
Orion lies close enough to the Milky Way to be interesting enough to be swept even with low-power telescopes or binoculars.
Additionally to the data given above there is a skychart to locate the stars and objects.
Stars and objects
The shoulder star alpha Ori, Betelgeuse, is a variable red giant; its brightness varies from 0.4 mag to 1.3 mag with no set period. It belong to the 20 brightest stars in the sky. During it pulsations the diameter of the star varies from 300 to 400 times the diameter of the sun.
The leg of the hunter, beta Ori, Rigel (arab.: the foot), is a blue-white giant of 0.08 mag. This makes it the sixth brightest star in the sky and the brightest in the constellation Orion. With medium sized telescopes it is possible to distinguish the companion of Rigel, a 7th mag star (smaller telescopes may fail to reveal the companion because of the glare of Rigel).
This constellation offers a great number of binaries and multiple stars:
For binoculars and smaller telescopes the following stars are of interest:
delta Ori, Mintaka (arab.: upper end of the girdle), a blue-white star of 2.2 mag with a 7th mag companion. iota Ori, a 3rd mag and a 7th mag star forming an unequal double; in the same field the wider double Struve 747 can be found - a pair of a 5th mag and a 6th mag star.
lamba Ori, a tight pair of 4th and 6th mag stars.
sigma Ori is a terrific multiple star; in binoculars this blue-white star of 4 mag and a 7th mag companion can be resolved; using a small telescope two closer companions of 7th mag and 10th mag are revealed. These stars are grouped in a way that they look like a planet with moons.
If the resolution is not too high in the same telescopic field as sigma Ori the triple star Struve 761 can be seen. It consists of a triangle of 8th mag and 9th mag stars. Together with sigma Ori this triple star gives a delightfully rich grouping.
NGC 1981, a little cluster of 10 stars including the binary Struve 750, a pair of a 6th mag and a 8th mag star.
The multiple star theta1 Ori, the northern star of the deggar of the Hunter is also called the Trapezium; it is located in the heart of the Orion nebula. This group of stars has been formed from the gas of the nebula, which now glows in their light. Small telecopes (about 2-inch and higher) show four stars, ranging from 5th mag to 8th mag, which form a rectangular figure. Scopes with an aperture of about 100 mm show two more stars of 11th mag in this group.
Next to it lies theta2 Ori, a duo of a 5th and a 6th mag star. For resolving the tight double of zeta Ori (Alnitak) in its consisting parts, a bright star of 2.02 mag and a 4th mag companion, scopes with an apertur of at least 75mm and a high resolution are required. Further more there is a wider companion of 10th mag.
Eta Ori is a difficult pair. Scopes with an aperture of 100 mm and higher are necessary to split it into its 4th mag and 5th mag stars.
The constellation Orion became most famous for its nebula. The Messier database has detailed information about
The Large Orion Nebula M 42 and M 43, the DeMairan nebula, which is a part of the Orion Nebula.
Around October 21 each year the famous Orionid meteor shower reaches its peak. Coming from the the border to the constellation gemini as much as 20 meteors per hour can be seen. More information about this meteor shower and the Chi Orionids, which are active around the beginning of december can be found in the meteor shower calendar by Gary Kronk. (Readers in the US might use the original site of Gary Kronk).
Orion's Belt Stars - Astronomy
The Belt of Orion is supposedly linked to the Great Pyramid of Egypt.
All three stars are at the same distance from Earth.
Rigel, Saiph, and Meissa, probably were formed at about the same time some ten million years ago from the molecular clouds astronomers have found in Orion.
From the northern hemisphere, the three bright stars (Alnitak, Alnilam and Mintaka) in a straight line that form Orion's Belt are easily visible on the southern horizon in winter evenings. The bright star that forms Orion's left shoulder is Betelgeuse. The name of this star means "The Armpit of the Central One" in Arabic, which shows that like many other constellations, Orion was recognized across many cultures.
Hanging down from Orion's belt is his sword that is made up of three fainter stars. The central "star" of the sword is actually not a star at all, but the Great Orion Nebula, one of the regions most studied by astronomers in the whole sky. Nearby is the Horsehead Nebula, which is a swirl of dark dust in front of a bright nebula.
Linking The Belt of Orion to The Great Pyramid - if this is accurate - this alignment follows the geometric patterns of our Creational Geometry - the basis of all things in our reality.
The Pharaohs of the fourth dynasty were star worshippers and knew considerably more about astronomy than previously thought. The Giza Plateau Pyramids were planned as a whole. The 3 main pyramids were symbolically linked to the belt stars of Orion. 3) That the Ancient Egyptians were highly spiritual and their architecture is symbolic of their beliefs.
MINTAKA - Delta Orionis - Arabic word for belt
ALNILAM - The Amazon Star - Belt of Pearls
ALNITAK - Zeta Orionis - The Girdle
BELLATRIX - Alpha Orionis
RIGEL - The 7th brightest star in the sky
SAIPH - Kappa Orionis
MEISSA - Lambda Orionis
(Pronounced "beetle juice") - a red supergiant star about 600 lightyears distant, is shown here in this Hubble Space Telescope image which represents the first direct picture of the surface of a star other than the Sun. While Betelgeuse is cooler than the Sun, it is more massive and over 1000 times larger - if placed at the center of our Solar System, it would extend past the orbit of Jupiter. Like many star names, Betelgeuse is Arabic in origin. It is derived from a phrase which refers to the hunter's shoulder or armpit, the general area occupied by this star in drawings of the figure in the constellation. As a massive red supergiant, it is nearing the end of its life and will soon become a Supernova.
May 20, 2000 - Cosmiuniverse
A recently discovered object, named SOri70, has been observed near the young star Sigma Orionis. It could be a young planet, or a wandering old brown dwarf in the line of sight. This is a question to be discussed by the astronomers attending the International Astronomical Union Symposium on Brown Dwarfs that opened Monday on the Big Island of Hawaii.
Deep sky images and follow-up spectroscopy obtained by an international team of astronomers revealed this extremely cool and dim object close to the multiple stellar system Sigma Orionis. The astronomers made the observations with large telescopes in Hawaii and the Canary Islands.
Above image: An image of the Sigma Orionis region. The multiple star Sigma Orionis, which is visible with the naked eye, is at the center. A box indicates the position of the planet candidate, which is only 8.7 arcminutes from the star. The image was taken from the Digital Sky Survey and has a size of 23 x 22 square arcminutes. The inset shows the infrared image obtained at the William Herschel Telescope by Dr. Victor Bejar and Prof. Eduardo Martin. Click image to enlarge.
Since the acute visual observations of Sir William Herschel in the 18th Century, astronomers have noted a clustering of stars in a region of the sky of about the size of the full moon surrounding the hot star Sigma Orionis. Many X-ray emitting low-mass stars in this cluster were found by Scott Wolk and Fred Walter of SUNY at Stony Brook. Several brown dwarfs in this region were revealed by some of the members of the team that Monday reported on the discovery of the coolest and faintest object ever seen around Sigma Orionis.
The story of how SOri70 was found includes two of the world's most powerful telescopes separated by more than 8,000 miles and about four years of international collaborative effort. It is an example of the complicated work that is needed to hunt for the elusive brown dwarfs and extrasolar planets.
In December 1998, team members Victor Bejar and Eduardo Martin pointed one of the world's largest optical telescopes, the 10-meter Keck I on Mauna Kea, Hawaii, at several fields around Sigma Orionis and obtained CCD images of unprecedented sensitivity for this region of the sky. They found several extremely faint red objects, but they did not have enough information to determine their basic properties. They had to wait patiently for a chance to obtain additional data. It came when they used an infrared camera at the William Herschel Telescope in La Palma, Canary Islands, in November 2000.
One of the objects turned out to have blue infrared colors despite being very red at optical wavelengths, a unique signature of the coolest known dwarfs. The unusual colors of these dwarfs are explained by the presence of methane in their atmospheres, which is a gas that can be present only at temperatures lower than about 1,200 degrees Kelvin (about 900 degrees Celsius or 1,650 degrees Fahrenheit). An object of this temperature must have a mass smaller than a star.
The intriguing object was observed once more with the Keck I telescope last December by team member Maria Rosa Zapatero Osorio of the Laboratory for Fundamental Astrophysics in Madrid, Spain. These observations confirmed spectroscopically the presence of methane in the object, which unambiguously classifies it as a brown dwarf or planet. If the object is located at the same distance as the Sigma Orionis system, 1,150 light-years from Earth, it should have an age between 1 and 8 million years and a mass close to that of Jupiter, the largest planet in the Solar System.
However, the distance to the object is not known yet; it will take the sharp imaging capabilities of the Hubble Space Telescope to determine it. There is about a 20% probability that SOri70 is a wandering old brown dwarf that happens to be in the direction of the Sigma Orionis, but is actually closer to Earth.
If the new ultracool dwarf is related to the Sigma Orionis system, it would be the lowest mass extrasolar object imaged to date. Because it would be located more than 180,000 astronomical units from Sigma Orionis (more than 36,000 times the Jupiter-Sun distance), it would challenge our ideas about the formation of extrasolar giant planets.
Perhaps second only to the Big Dipper in Ursa Major, the constellation of Orion is one of the most recognizable patterns of stars in the northern sky. Orion, the hunter, stands by the river Eridanus and is accompanied by his faithful dogs, Canis Major and Canis Minor.
Together they hunt various celestial animals, including Lepus, the rabbit, and Taurus, the bull. According to Greek mythology, Orion was in love with Merope, one of the Seven Sisters who form the Pleiades, but Merope would have nothing to do with him. Orion's tragic life ended when he stepped on Scorpius, the scorpion.
The gods felt sorry for him, so they put him and his dogs in the sky as constellations. They also put all of the animals he hunted up there near him. Scorpius, however, was placed on the opposite side of the sky so Orion would never be hurt by it again.
In Greek mythology, Orion was a giant and a great hunter. Artemis, goddess of the Moon and of the hunt, fell in love with him and neglected her task of lighting the night sky.
Her twin brother, Apollo, seeing Orion swimming far out to sea challenged his sister to hit what was no more than a dot among the waves. Not realising that this was Orion, Artemis shot an arrow and killed Orion.
When his body washed up on shore, Artemis saw what she had done. Inconsolable, she placed his body in the sky, together with his hunting dogs. Her grief is manifest in the coldness and sadness of the Moon.
Five stars are of 1st magnitude or brighter, 15 are brighter than 4th magnitude. Rigel, Betelgeuse, Bellatrix and Saiph form the quadrilateral outline inside of which are the three remote 1st and 2nd magnitude stars of Orion's belt - Alnilam, Alnitak and Mintaka. South of the belt is Orion's sword, in which lies the gaseous Orion nebula (M42).
The area contains many double stars including Rigel, several variable stars, and the dark Horsehead nebula. An immense oval ring of ionised hydrogen, Barnard's loop, surrounds most of Orion.
Some say Orion was produced thus: Hyrieus sacrificed a Bull when he received Zeus, Hermes and Poseidon. As Hyrieus was childless and asked the gods for children, they urinated in the hide of the sacrificed bull, buried it in the earth and from it Orion was born. Orion was of gigantic stature. Poseidon bestowed on him the power of striding across the sea.
Orion wished to wed Merope 3, the daughter of Oenopion 1, son of Ariadne, but her father disliked the idea and he made Orion drunk, put out his eyes as he slept, and then cast him on the beach. But Orion went to the smithy of Hephaestus, and snatching up a lad set him on his shoulders and bade him lead him to the sunrise, and when he came there he was healed by the sun's rays.
Some say that Orion felt confident that he was most skilled in hunting, and said that he was able to kill anything the earth produced. Gaia (Earth), angered at this boast, sent the Scorpion that killed him.
Others say that he was killed by Artemis who was challenged by Apollo to hit with her arrows a black object in the sea, which she could not see, and that later was discovered to be Orion's head.
Still others say that Orion was killed for challenging Artemis to a match of quoits, or shot by her for offering violence to Opis 3, one of the maidens who had come from the Hyperboreans. It is also said that the gods were jealous because Orion was the lover of Eos, and for that reason Artemis killed him.
It is also said that Orion was put among the stars by Artemis, who mourned him and that the Dog (Canis Major) was put among the stars to keep Orion company in his hunting.
Our souls are multidimensional. They are having many different experiences, in many different places, at the same time.
If you sense a soul connection to Orion, part of your soul is experiencing in another part of the grid program that forms our reality - that part being Orion.
As with everything in our universe, the connection between Orion and Earth - particularly the Great Pyramid - is set up by a blueprint or design. This design is created mathematically by something we call Sacred Geometry.
Many people see Orion as a place where great wars took place - or are taking place now as time is irrelevant. They see themselves on Orion as great warriors - brave and strong - flying in space ships. This is perhaps opposite of who they are in on planet Earth, shy, with low self esteem and easily intimated.
Those who channel entities that they believe are from Orion - or those who remote view to Orion and see themselves there - are actually connecting with another aspect of themselves who is having an experience in Orion.
To read more about the journey of the soul through the different realities of our creation.
It also links with Stargates -
The place we go when we spiral out of this reality
and back to the center of the Source of our creation
the light - perhaps from a computer.
Please go to Sirius and scroll down to the bottom - to read more about the nature of our programmed reality.
Another website - The Alignments Of The Belt Of Orion At The Locations Of The Cities Of Petra, Masada, And Jerusalem In The Dead Sea Region
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