Loch Ness Monster

The Loch Ness Monster is supposedly living in Scotland's Loch (Lake ) Ness. "Nessie" as she is called first is the best known cryptozoological creature in the world.

Loch Ness is located in the North of Scotland and is one of a series of interlinked lochs which run along the Great Glen. The Great Glen is a distinctive incision which runs across the country and represents a large geological fault zone. The interlinking was completed in the 19th century following the completion of the Caledonian Canal.

For many years it has been supposed that there is a large dinosaur-like "monster" resident in Loch Ness. The evidence for its existence are a series of sightings of a plesiosaur-like dinosaur throughout the last 100 years. The case has occasionally been supported by indistinct photographic evidence.

However, several scientific studies have been conducted, including thorough sonar surveys of the loch, and these have not revealed any presence of such a "monster". Many people believe that the size (21 square miles) and great depth of the loch (almost 800 feet), together with potential underwater caves, gives the monster many places to hide.

Most of the Nessie witnesses describe something with two humps, a tail, and a snakelike head. A V-shaped was often mentioned, as well as a "gaping red mouth" and horns or antennae on the top of the creature's head. Nessie's movements have been studied, and the films and photos analyzed to determine what Nessie might be, if she exists.

There are numerous theories as to Nessie's identity, including a snake-like primitive whale known as a zeuglodon, a type of long-necked aquatic seal, giant eels, walruses, floating mats of plants, giant molluscs, otters, a "paraphysical" entity, mirages, and diving birds, but many lake monster researchers seem to favor the plesiosaur theory.

Most scientists believe that these marine reptiles have been extinct for 60-70 million years, but others think it possible that after the last Ice Age the Loch may have been connected to the sea, and some of these dinosaurs may have been stranded. Others, like David Hall, feel that lake monsters could not possibly be plesiosaurs since plesiosaurs were cold-blooded reptiles that would have preferred warm oceanic currents to cold Scottish Lochs.

Carvings of this unidentified animal, made by the ancient inhabitants of the Scottish Highlands some 1,500 years ago, are the earliest evidence that Loch Ness harbors a strange aquatic creature.

This is not unlike the stone carvings of the Chupacabra.

Ancient civilizations kept records on stone pictographs.

Australia's own Loch Ness monster discovered by fishermen

October 17, 1999 - AFP

The fossilised remains of a creature with a striking resemblance to the legendary Loch Ness monster has been discovered in northern Australia, palaentologists announced here.

Unlike Nessie, whose existence has never been proved, the five metre (16 feet) long, 700 kilogram (96 stone) plesiosaur found by fishermen west of Cairns in northern Queensland was no joke.

It lived in the early Cretaceous period 112 million years ago on a diet of fish and squid in what was once Australia's great inland sea, palaentologist Alex Cook told AFP.

Although its head has not yet been recovered, experts say it is among the most intact fossilised plesiosaurs ever discovered and it is being hailed as the most significant archaelogical discovery in Australia for a decade.

Cook, head of the Queensland Museum's geology and invertebrate section and leader of the eight-member excavation team that recovered it, refused to reveal where it was found for fear the head will be pilfered.

The animal, which had a neck equal in length to the rest of its body and a tiny 30 centimetre (foot) long head, is believed to have had a finned tail which helped it swim the ocean waters using four flippers the size of paddles.

The plesiosaur belonged to a family known as Elasmosaurus, or thin-plated lizard.

Its remains were raised from a sedimentary rock grave on the banks of a river after some of its fossilised bones were found last month by two fishermen who took them to the museum.

Cook said the animal had probably died of natural causes because it was found belly-up and there were no signs of damage to its bones.

It was regarded as an exciting find because it comes from a critical point in the evolution of two marine animals, he said. He said the head could be the key to solving the mysteries surrounding the evolution of creatures during the time period.

It had to be left as the team was forced to evacuate when heavy rain struck and threatened to flood tracks leading out of the remote region.

Five tons of rock containing the fossil were moved to Brisbane in the back of the team's four-wheel drive vehicle and went on show at the Queensland Museum.

A part-time excavator will spend the next 18 months delicately chiselling away at rock surrounding the fossils while plans are made to mount a second expedition to uncover the head.

Cook said the he hoped to take the fossil on a national museum tour once the project was funded.

Australian Museum collection manager Robert Jones described it as "the most complete skeleton to turn up in Australia."


The earliest recorded sighting of the Loch Ness Monster was in the biography of St. Columba by Adamnan in the year 565 AD. The monster apparently attacked and killed a man who was swimming in the River Ness.

The monster didn't make headlines again until August 27, 1930 when 3 fishermen reported seeing a disturbance in the water. The men watched as a creature 20 feet long approached their boat throwing water in the air. As it passes them, its wake caused their boat to rock violently.

The men were convinced that the disturbance was caused by a living creature. Following the story, the newspaper received several letters from people claiming also to have seen a strange creature in the Loch.

In 1962 The Loch Ness Investigation Bureau was formed to act as a research organization and clearing house for information about the creature. In the beginning it only conducted research for a few week in the year, but by 1964 they established a more permanent presence around the Loch. Eventually the Bureau established camera stations with both still and cinema cameras with telephoto lenses. They had vans which served as mobile camera stations, and underwater listening devises. Searches were conducted using hot-air-balloons and infrared night time cameras, sonar scanners and submarines.

A great deal of information was discovered about the Loch, but they have yet to produce any concrete evidence of a monster.

Name: Duncan Campbell Date: 1527 Location: Not known Description: A terrible beast seen on the loch shore. Name: Group of children Date: 1879 Location: North shore Description: Small head on long neck turning from side to side. Grey in colour. Name: E.H. Bright Date: 1880 Location: Drumnadrochit Description: Monster left wooded area and waddled to water on 4 legs. Long neck, dark grey in colour. Name: Gypsy woman Date: 1890 Location: North shore Description: No details but she took detour over hills so she never passed same place again. Name: William MacGruer Date: 1912 Location: Inchnacardoch Bay Description: Animal with long legs looking like a camel with a long neck moved into loch and vanished. Yellow in colour. Name: Mrs. Peter Cameron Date: 1919 Location: Not known Description: Head like a camel on long neck with 4 limbs. Camel like colour. Name: Alfred Cruickshank Date: April 1923 Location: Invermoriston Description: While driving down road saw a monster with body 3 to 3.6m long with a 3m tail. It had a arched back and 4 webbed, elephant like legs. Khaki green in colour. Name: Alec Muir Date: 1930's Location: Inverfarigaig Description: Large beast crossed road in front of car Name: School children Date: 1930's Location: Urquhart Bay Description: Horrifying animal seen moving from swamp area in Urquhart Bay into loch. Name: Mrs. Eleanor Price-Hughes Date: 1933 Location: Not known Description: Large creature emerged from bushes and vanished into loch. Name: Col. L. MCP Fordyce Date: April 1933 Location: Near Foyers Description: Like cross between a large horse and camel with hump on its back. Small head on long neck. Grey in colour. Name: George Spicer Date: July 1933 Location: Between Dores and Foyers Description: Large creature crossed road 140m in front of car. Thick body with long neck. Grey 7.5m long. Moved in a jerky movement then slided into loch. Name: Mrs. M.F. MacLennan Date: August 1933 Location: Dores Description: Dark grey mass on beach 6 to 7.5m long. Several humps with short, thick legs. Name: Mrs. Ried Date: December 1933 Location: Inverfarigaig Description: Seen resting on shore. hairy body with thick mane on neck. Size of hippopotamus. Large, round head with short thick legs. Name: Arthur Grant Date: January 1934 Location: Abriachan Description: Small eel like head on long neck. Bulky, 4.5 to 6m long body with 2 humps and 1.5m long tail. Black or dark brown, 4 flipper like legs. Name: Jean MacDonald and Patricia Harvey Date: February 1934 Location: Inchnacardoch Bay Description: Seen crossing a stream in moonlight. Thick, dark body tapering toward tail - lighter underneath. 4 thick, short legs. Body about 3m long. Name: Miss Margaret Munro Date: June 1934 Location: Borlum Bay Description: Seen on shingle beach. Large body with giraffe like neck with small head. Dark grey body. 2 short forelegs or flippers. Name: Torquil Macleod Date: February 1960 Location: Opposite the Horse Shoe Description: Grey/black mass with elephant like trunk. Pair of front paddles in all 13.5m long. Name: L.N.I. Date: June 1963 Location: Seen from Achnahannet Description: Seen and filmed on shore 4km away. Film no good because of distance but guessed at body of 5m long.
Name: Hugh Gray Date: 12 November 1933 Location: Mouth of River Foyers Description: Large body 60 to 90cms above water causing great disturbance. Comment: Nothing clear can be seen. Mr. Gray estimated it to be 12m long. Took 5 pictures - 4 blank. Name: Robert Kenneth Wilson Date: 19 April 1934 Location: 2.4km north of Invermoriston Description: Head and neck above water, then diving. Comment: 4 pictures taken - 1st one is the classical head and neck the 2nd is showing 'Nessie' diving. Name: Sir Edward Mountain's Expedition Date: 13 July 1934 for 5 weeks Location: Various palces Description: 21 pictures taken Comment: Best picture showing 3.6m hump 100-150m away, throwing up great spray. Name: F.C. Adams Date: 24 August 1934 Location: Not known Description: Long, dark object with flipper Comment: Flipper like object looks like dolphin or whale. Name: Lachlan Stuart Date: 14 July 1951 Location: Whitefield - opposite Urquhart Castle Description: 3 humps. Triangular. Seen on picture. Comment: Long head and neck seen ducking underwater 15.5 - 17m overall. Name: Peter Macnab Date: 29 July 1955 Location: Urquhart Bay Description: 2 long, dark humps seen in bay Comment: Humps 12m long seen while taking picture of Urquhart Castle. Name: H.L. Cockrell Date: 1958 Location: Middle of loch off Invermoriston Description: Long object laying on the loch Comment: Large flat head 1.3m long seen before photo taken. Name: Peter O'Connor Date: 27 May 1960 Location: Near Foyers Description: Large hump 5m long Comment: Head on strong neck attached to large hump. Name: Maurice Burton Date: 22 June 1960 Location: Foyers Description: Picture shows ring of ripples Comment: Though to be otter under surface. Name: R.H. Lowrie Date: 7 August 1960 Location: Mid loch near Dores Description: Picture shows 2 wakes Comment: Green and brown object of12m long seen. Also seen by Mr. & Mrs Torquil Macleod on land. Name: Peter Hodge Date: 21 May 1964 Location: Off Achnahannet Description: V wake moving away from camera Comment: Calm surface seen with other people 60cm pillar like object. Name: Patrick W. Sandeman Date: 20 August 1966 Location: Not known Description: V wash Comment: V wake on calm loch Name: Peter Dobbie Date: 15 July 1967 Location: Urquhart Bay Description: V wake with small object at head. Comment: Smooth black tail rising and falling. Name: Frank Searle Date: 21 October 1972 - 26 February 1976 Location: Various locations Descriptions: Pictures of various things Comment: Now believed to be hoaxed. Name: Alan Wilkins Date: 18 July 1975 Location: Invermoriston Description: Shows long, dark line Comment: Black shape seen through binoculars. Name: Anthony Nicol Shiels Date: 21 may 1977 Location: Taken from Urquhart Castle Description: Head and neck 11.5 metre high Comment: 2 pictures taken - head turns between shots. Name: Geoffrey Watson Date: 3 September 1978 Location: No details Description: No details Comment: No details Name: Alexander Williams Date: September 1981 Location: Not known Description: Not published Comment: Taken while out fishing. Name: Jennifer Bruce Date: 1982 Location: Urquhart Bay Description: Head and neck sticking out of water. Comment: Nothing seen when picture taken. Name: Not known Date: 12 August 1992 Location: 2 miles from fort Augustus Description: Wake with object at head. Comment: Head and neck seen then 4 or 5 humps. Name: Edna MacInnes Date: 22June 1993 Location: Near Dores Description: Pictures show wakes moving down loch. Comment: Object seen from both sides of loch. Name: James Brown Date: 26 August 1994 Location: 2.5km north of Fort Augustus Description: Black object moving across loch. Comment: 1.2m wide, 1.8m long oval body. Name: Lorna Taylor Date: September 1995 Location: Near Urquhart Castle Description: Head neck and body seen rising out of loch. Comment: Nothing seen when picture taken.




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